lightning discharge
Surface Conducting
Before deflecting may current short period move zigzag near the surface similar like through air
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Crop circles

The lofty pine is oftenest shaken by the winds; High towers fall with a heavier crash; And the lightning strikes the highest mountain.  Horace
The hardest thing is to take less when you can get more.  K.Hubbard
The alchemists in their search for gold discovered many other things of greater value. A.Schopenhauer

Crop Circles, Crop figures, Conducting over surface

Jakmile se čelo impulsu RS dotkne povrchu země, dojde na místě k obrovskému přebytku elektrického náboje, který se někdy "rozeběhne na všechny strany". Na některých obrazcích je to jasně zřetelné.

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Conducting currents over the Earth surface

preferably in places with lower resistance (among other visualise seeding symptoms)

  Initially, the current conduction takes place more or less randomly, due to a huge surplus of energy charge and at the impact point. Local heating and ionization occur on the site rather accidentally conductive paths, through which is the current discharge conducted. Up to within a few yards from the impact is energy carried away evenly, preferably by means of conductive paths that exist on the site. There may be several species, according to the method of establishment:

(they are sorted according to the age from the oldest)

1) Geological (among many others influence moisture distribution in the basement)

2) Archaeological

3) Industrial (utilities)

4) Cultivation

5) Local, accidental, caused by ionization and heating materials at a fraction of a second:


Partially random discharge conducting over Earth surface

(continuation of the spark discharge by random directions for some time)

It applies for example to the photograph under Copyright. Exactly at that point, even in any similar position nobody ever was, nor did observe anything there exactly when the pattern was originated there. It is therefore possible to to admit even the theoretical possibility, that through the zigzag line, followed by a slightly curved section of approximately 30 m, passed ball lightning. But in these cases  first considerations vary primarily in terms of imagination, that is possible call for help only at the very beginning of any scientific work, then it must be followed by objective verification.


Explaining any phenomenon difficult to explain through another difficult explainable phenomenon is the method very breakneck and definitely do not belong between serious scientific methods. It is reported only as a very marginal, more or less like improbable possibility. There are more straight lines on the pattern, although much shorter, but some probably created by interconnection of nearby hitting discharge arms. All circles were created by the impacting of many arms much branched discharge, some of which were interconnected on the ground, and a discharge is likely to continue over the surface (short time zig-zag, then almost straight) well beyond than is usual in similar cases.


Note: There is a photograph that contains a several hundred meters long line - a journey overland from pattern into the distance, where the probability of exposure of ball lightning more likely, though of course completely unverifiable. Also, it may be the only conduction path of electric current from the discharge over the earth's surface.


In the place where hits the forehead of the RS, just exactly at the time point appears a huge excess of electric charge. This could be instantly diverted underground only by a very good conductor. If something like a very good conductor does not appear on the site, which is in the field probably well over 99% of cases, looking for a path out of the impact site away also by any more or less random direction. This happens almost no matter, in which direction the resistance is lower, because for that extremely great currents present there, figuratively speaking, no resistance is quite small. The conductivity of any at that point occurring material is for purposes of conduction currents of several hundreds of thousands amperes is too low. Local heating, ionization environment may conductivity in some directions very instantaneously increase (dielectric breakdown). Then it is remaining energy in that direction fairly quickly conducted into underground.


Sometimes is the current underground conducted very badly (there may be relatively low humidity), and currents are then spread over the the ground much longer, and cause in crop cereals much more damages. The field can then be flattened (damaged, weakened) up about 90%. (photo)


Sometimes the discharge can take the underground path which approximates the structure of the tree roots. Always it is a fractal structure. Such a fractal might look something like turned upside down and sunk into the ground conifer - spruce, pine, but also some deciduous trees - poplar, linden. In all cases listed in this paragraph is also spread around the impact site relatively accurate circular area, where is present in life threatening step voltages. It's no wonder too, because in a small distance from the impact of lightning discharges (tens of meters), will anyone be at mortal danger at all times. Step voltage in the entire area of the circle is approximately constant, beyond the immediate circle decreases to zero. (sketch)


Effect of underground structures on electricity conduction

 in a nearby underground (archeology, geology, industrialization - Utilities)




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Wheat field - a record of the lightning magnetic field lines

Shocking, perplexing, surprising, difficult to believe, but also eye-opening similarity

Wheat field - record of magnetic field lines generated by the lightning discharge

Nearly one million Amperes (known school experiments - maximum 20 - 30 Amperes)



Exactly at the moment of the lightning discharge flow through corn stalks induced and conducted (ionized air, corona discharge) electric currents. Thanks to that stalks and other plant parts may exhibit electromagnetic properties. They may thus act like magnetized compass needles, and electromagnetic forces are momentarily deflecting them to the ground in a clockwise or counterclockwise direction, depending on the relative ratio, direction and phase difference of the passaging electric currents. Temporary mechanical changes and tensions may also create some meanwhile invisible mechanical damage, oriented in direction. Such microscopic directionally oriented damages are able by gradual growing of damaged tissues later cause gradual directionally oriented bending of all stalks in one direction (CW or CCW). Magnetic fields of an average lightning discharges are at least ten thousand times stronger than that of Earth's magnetic field. Another part of the work may be performed by enormous electrostatic forces thanks to that leaves and stalks of plants behave like leaves and stalks of electroscopes. Diameters of the circles approximately represent the range of the lightning discharge electromagnetic forces. In addition to all that, however, the crop pattern occurs at least several days, sometimes up to several weeks after the lightning hit. It is because the affected plant tissues weaken very slowly, due to huge inertia and consequently very slowly ongoing changes in plants (EPP, Chronology). Because sometimes on the locality may take place very complex interferences and resonances, it may sometimes create a very intricate pattern. A single lightning discharge radiates energy to which the electric locomotive would travel thousands kilometers. Average (!) Discharge. (simplified explanation)


It was one of the greatest Natural joke - mystification, clever trick, by that was the Mother Nature kidding the whole perplexed mankind hundreds, thousands years.


With mentioned ideas is possible not agree, also possible protest against them, but it maybe really all that is possible to do with it or against it. So called Jerry Cimrman's postulate.




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Page under construction

Some partial information now may be found for example on certain summary pages.  Crop Circles - understanding is now mainly one of the most extensive page. Another fairly comprehensive informations may be found on the links from the page Texts. There are links to some published texts. Also some unpublished yet, ie some preview version. Other unsorted tests are placed here. The texts will be of course added continuously.


Honored readership is hereby requested for a patience and grace. Some highly specialized pages are indeed in most cases quite extensively prepared, just waiting to definitive arrangements to the final form and publication. But some paragraphs, and a lot of information from them are already extensively preliminary involved in the content of some above mentioned summary pages. Even information from some rather specialized pages are very often quite extensively overlapping one another. Often they are not only interconnected by a reference, but rather for clarity at several near related pages are almost repeated or will be repeated. Therefore, on some of them they can already be present, on others not yet.


Some pages or their parts have also been preliminarily committed to publish somewhere else, so the first will appear there, then shortly they will be linked from the page Texts, and after some time will finally appear on the page for which it was intended.


Also, to almost all pages are prepared a series of accompanying photos or illustrative graphics, whether own creation, or "collected works" from the Internet. Such points, for placement of although existing, but still unplaced photos, are in the text very strongly colored thus marked. These are primarily designations for author of the text himself, do finally care to step to place them there. It is a gradual publication of research results. That research lasted for several years, so it will take some time yet. Frequently also happened, that in the course of writing some page was sometimes placed in its paragraphs a text, that should rather be included on another page, but so far has not been copied or moved there.




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This page was prepared, and all the facts and theories presented here were very thoroughly, closely and in detail experimentally examined by


Jan Ledecky


If anybody says he can think about quantum physics without getting giddy, that only shows he has not understood the first thing about them.  N.Bohr
Lightning is something which, again, we would rather avoid. R.Branson
Nature does not hurry, yet everything is accomplished.  Lao Tzu