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lightning discharge
Chronology of lodging
Crop lodging is a complex process, during which consecutively follow a number of successive steps
crop circles - storms, lightnings, clouds RSS feed

Crop circles

I'm astounded by people who want to 'know' the universe when it's hard enough to find your way around Chinatown.  W.Allen
I know but one freedom, and that is the freedom of the mind.   A.S.Exupery
Stupidity is also a gift of God, but one mustn't misuse it. Pope John Paul II

Crop Circles, Crop figures, Chronology of lodging

One of the the worst mistakes of all previous Crop Circles research is the fact, that after very detailed initial exploration surveyors payed them almost absolutely no follow-up attention. (with negligible exceptions)

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Crop circles: Chronology of lodging


Basic summary of issue of lodging (damaging, weakening) chronology is now elaborated in sufficient detail reasoning Phases of lodging process - Chronology.


There is a copy of the text that is gradually published on the Sci-Fi site (Chronology was the third part). Links to other parts here.


There is a great deal of information on crop circles online and on television. Many documentaries on the educational channels discuss the subject of crop circles. If you haven't had a chance to watch some of these informative shows, turn on your TV or home theater system and check them out.


It is very likely that all the shapes that have later appear in the structure of crop to be in their structure "exposed" in the period green before reaching maturity. In other words, during vegetative growth. Green cells and tissues may be damaged after the passage of electricity very significantly, dead tissues only minimally or almost not at all. In addition, the green tissues affected by electricity (an over limit dose, to be determined later in the section EPP) will weaken and fade away continuously, and due to weakening may, after some time the plants be flattened (damaged, weakened). When weaken before than their stalks are almost dry. By drying the tissues more strengthen. Green is the period of maturity for different cereals and different plants, winter crops, spring crops, corn and so on. But it is possible to ask the farmers or look into the clever books. To be lodged (damaged, weakened) are able really almost every stem / stalk / blade type plant, for instance poppies.


The text from that more extensive page will be later gradually transferred here and created links to other subpages on Chronology, where will be elaborated each phase of the process in more detail.



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Wheat field - a record of the lightning magnetic field lines

Shocking, perplexing, surprising, difficult to believe, but also eye-opening similarity

Wheat field - record of magnetic field lines generated by the lightning discharge

Nearly one million Amperes (known school experiments - maximum 20 - 30 Amperes)



Exactly at the moment of the lightning discharge flow through corn stalks induced and conducted (ionized air, corona discharge) electric currents. Thanks to that stalks and other plant parts may exhibit electromagnetic properties. They may thus act like magnetized compass needles, and electromagnetic forces are momentarily deflecting them to the ground in a clockwise or counterclockwise direction, depending on the relative ratio, direction and phase difference of the passaging electric currents. Temporary mechanical changes and tensions may also create some meanwhile invisible mechanical damage, oriented in direction. Such microscopic directionally oriented damages are able by gradual growing of damaged tissues later cause gradual directionally oriented bending of all stalks in one direction (CW or CCW). Magnetic fields of an average lightning discharges are at least ten thousand times stronger than that of Earth's magnetic field. Another part of the work may be performed by enormous electrostatic forces thanks to that leaves and stalks of plants behave like leaves and stalks of electroscopes. Diameters of the circles approximately represent the range of the lightning discharge electromagnetic forces. In addition to all that, however, the crop pattern occurs at least several days, sometimes up to several weeks after the lightning hit. It is because the affected plant tissues weaken very slowly, due to huge inertia and consequently very slowly ongoing changes in plants (EPP, Chronology). Because sometimes on the locality may take place very complex interferences and resonances, it may sometimes create a very intricate pattern. A single lightning discharge radiates energy to which the electric locomotive would travel thousands kilometers. Average (!) Discharge. (simplified explanation)


It was one of the greatest Natural joke - mystification, clever trick, by that was the Mother Nature kidding the whole perplexed mankind hundreds, thousands years.


With mentioned ideas is possible not agree, also possible protest against them, but it maybe really all that is possible to do with it or against it. So called Jerry Cimrman's postulate.


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Page under construction

Some partial information now may be found for example on certain summary pages.  Crop Circles - understanding is now mainly one of the most extensive page. Another fairly comprehensive informations may be found on the links from the page Texts. There are links to some published texts. Also some unpublished yet, ie some preview version. Other unsorted tests are placed here. The texts will be of course added continuously.


Honored readership is hereby requested for a patience and grace. Some highly specialized pages are indeed in most cases quite extensively prepared, just waiting to definitive arrangements to the final form and publication. But some paragraphs, and a lot of information from them are already extensively preliminary involved in the content of some above mentioned summary pages. Even information from some rather specialized pages are very often quite extensively overlapping one another. Often they are not only interconnected by a reference, but rather for clarity at several near related pages are almost repeated or will be repeated. Therefore, on some of them they can already be present, on others not yet.


Some pages or their parts have also been preliminarily committed to publish somewhere else, so the first will appear there, then shortly they will be linked from the page Texts, and after some time will finally appear on the page for which it was intended.


Also, to almost all pages are prepared a series of accompanying photos or illustrative graphics, whether own creation, or "collected works" from the Internet. Such points, for placement of although existing, but still unplaced photos, are in the text very strongly colored thus marked. These are primarily designations for author of the text himself, do finally care to step to place them there. It is a gradual publication of research results. That research lasted for several years, so it will take some time yet. Frequently also happened, that in the course of writing some page was sometimes placed in its paragraphs a text, that should rather be included on another page, but so far has not been copied or moved there.


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This page was prepared, and all the facts and theories presented here were very thoroughly, closely and in detail experimentally examined by


Jan Ledecky


I have noticed even people who claim everything is predestined, and that we can do nothing to change it, look before they cross the road.. S.Hawking
Never underestimate the power of human stupidity. R.A.Heinlein
I have not failed. I've just found 10,000 ways that won't work.   T.A.Edison