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lightning discharge
Crop Circles - Exposition
"Flash Lighting", exposing Crop Circles, may be 1018 times higher, than regular photos
crop circles - storms, lightnings, clouds RSS feed

Crop circles

A scientist is in a sense a learned small boy. There is something of the scientist in every small boy. Others must outgrow it. Scientists can stay that way all their lives.  G.Wald
Intelligence is the ability to adapt to change. S.Hawking
The one thing that matters is the effort. Saint-Exupery

Crop Circles, Crop figures, Exposition effect (Photo)

Motto: Crop Circles, also any other  shapes in crop, are at first "exposed" to the plant structure (raster - like) in the field by great energy (at first as only imperceptible damage to plants), after really long time, through "nature developer process" (weakening of the plants and lodging) displayed.

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This chapter examines in more detail the analogy, that the process of creating shapes in the grain (crop circles ) reminds. Possible compare it to the process of exposure of photographic material followed by developing. That means a classic photographic process, using gelatin layer with scattered silver halides and their light sensitivity. As an attraction is possible to indicate, that "exposure" of "crop circles" occur during "flash light", that may be, say, 1018 times higher (but also much more), compared to light during which they are exposed regular photos.



As is always highlighted on many places around this website, by a similar process they are not only created all regular patterns in cereals (Crop Circles), but almost without exception, all of flattened (damaged, weakened) crop all over the world. Regular patterns arise only in very random interplay of many factors, in one of several million cases, when into the field hits lightning discharge. In one case of several millions. In all other cases, there becomes "only" to the crop lodging (damaging, weakening). Very approximately it is possible to express by a similar number the relationship between the area of grain per year, "normally flattened (damaged, weakened)" (0,5 - 1,5 million square kilometers area of lodged (damaged, weakened) crop), and areas that are flattened (damaged, weakened) as a form of regular patterns (the total sum round one single square kilometer, area of all regular patterns throughout whole globe).



already many years ago pronaunced by The Great Master:

"With specified statement we can disagree, we can protest against it, but that's about all, possible to do with it or against it we can do."

(Jerry Cimrman, approximate quotation)


Analogy with photography and other effects



Zmínka o koronovém výboji




Wheat field - a record of the lightning magnetic field lines

Shocking, perplexing, surprising, difficult to believe, but also eye-opening similarity

Wheat field - record of magnetic field lines generated by the lightning discharge

Nearly one million Amperes (known school experiments - maximum 20 - 30 Amperes)



Exactly at the moment of the lightning discharge flow through corn stalks induced and conducted (ionized air, corona discharge) electric currents. Thanks to that stalks and other plant parts may exhibit electromagnetic properties. They may thus act like magnetized compass needles, and electromagnetic forces are momentarily deflecting them to the ground in a clockwise or counterclockwise direction, depending on the relative ratio, direction and phase difference of the passaging electric currents. Temporary mechanical changes and tensions may also create some meanwhile invisible mechanical damage, oriented in direction. Such microscopic directionally oriented damages are able by gradual growing of damaged tissues later cause gradual directionally oriented bending of all stalks in one direction (CW or CCW). Magnetic fields of an average lightning discharges are at least ten thousand times stronger than that of Earth's magnetic field. Another part of the work may be performed by enormous electrostatic forces thanks to that leaves and stalks of plants behave like leaves and stalks of electroscopes. Diameters of the circles approximately represent the range of the lightning discharge electromagnetic forces. In addition to all that, however, the crop pattern occurs at least several days, sometimes up to several weeks after the lightning hit. It is because the affected plant tissues weaken very slowly, due to huge inertia and consequently very slowly ongoing changes in plants (EPP, Chronology). Because sometimes on the locality may take place very complex interferences and resonances, it may sometimes create a very intricate pattern. A single lightning discharge radiates energy to which the electric locomotive would travel thousands kilometers. Average (!) Discharge. (simplified explanation)


It was one of the greatest Natural joke - mystification, clever trick, by that was the Mother Nature kidding the whole perplexed mankind hundreds, thousands years.


With mentioned ideas is possible not agree, also possible protest against them, but it maybe really all that is possible to do with it or against it. So called Jerry Cimrman's postulate.



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Page under construction

Some partial information now may be found for example on certain summary pages.  Crop Circles - understanding is now mainly one of the most extensive page. Another fairly comprehensive informations may be found on the links from the page Texts. There are links to some published texts. Also some unpublished yet, ie some preview version. Other unsorted tests are placed here. The texts will be of course added continuously.


Honored readership is hereby requested for a patience and grace. Some highly specialized pages are indeed in most cases quite extensively prepared, just waiting to definitive arrangements to the final form and publication. But some paragraphs, and a lot of information from them are already extensively preliminary involved in the content of some above mentioned summary pages. Even information from some rather specialized pages are very often quite extensively overlapping one another. Often they are not only interconnected by a reference, but rather for clarity at several near related pages are almost repeated or will be repeated. Therefore, on some of them they can already be present, on others not yet.


Some pages or their parts have also been preliminarily committed to publish somewhere else, so the first will appear there, then shortly they will be linked from the page Texts, and after some time will finally appear on the page for which it was intended.


Also, to almost all pages are prepared a series of accompanying photos or illustrative graphics, whether own creation, or "collected works" from the Internet. Such points, for placement of although existing, but still unplaced photos, are in the text very strongly colored thus marked. These are primarily designations for author of the text himself, do finally care to step to place them there. It is a gradual publication of research results. That research lasted for several years, so it will take some time yet. Frequently also happened, that in the course of writing some page was sometimes placed in its paragraphs a text, that should rather be included on another page, but so far has not been copied or moved there.


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This page was prepared, and all the facts and theories presented here were very thoroughly, closely and in detail experimentally examined by


Jan Ledecky


The essence of cinema is editing. It's the combination of what can be extraordinary images of people during emotional moments, or images in a general sense, put together in a kind of alchemy. F.F.Coppola
A scientist should be the happiest of men. G.Wald
If you can dream it, you can do it. W.Disney