Very nice event in Czech Republic (28. 6. 2014) - Crop circle Boskovice 2014

lightning discharge
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(crop circle disinformation)
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Crop circles (short version here, another version here)

By its own incredibility, the truth is restraining itself from getting recognized. (Heraclitus)

Nothing is impossible. Not if you can imagine it. (Prof. Hubert J. Farnsworth)

Omnia vero fulmen gubernat: The thunderbolt pilots all things. (Heraclitus)

The first, only nature, explanation about  crop circles  origin, using proven, repeatable, statistically verifiable research and science methods. Plant pathology, physiology, biology, anatomy, chemistry, archeology, physics, hydrometeorology, geology, speleology, electricity, magnetism and many other similar, often wide interdisciplinary branches.

crop circles mystery discovered definitively.

The lightning discharge is the one sole reason of any crop circle, any time located at any crop field

Crop circles created by Lightning Electromagnetic Fields
Crop circle - a simulation of Lightning Electromagnetic Fields

The schematic picture on the right shows one of a number of very  interesting crop circles analogies and physical properties of lightning discharge. Similarity No.1. Lightning discharge into the structure of cereal (raster) recorded its electromagnetic field lines. The process is similar like making photos. Many days need for developing photos.

The lightning discharge is the one sole reason of any crop circle, any time located at any crop field

Great, huge lightning discharge electricity, unimaginable by any mind, is also the very most relevant cause of any lodged (damaged, weakened) crop found anywhere in the world. That is much more interesting and important fact than any Crop Circles found as yet.
Great, huge lightning discharge electricity, unimaginable by any mind, is also the very most relevant cause of any lodged (damaged, weakened) crop found anywhere in the world. That is much more interesting and important fact than any Crop Circles found as yet.
Also very easy to determine nature lightning flash as  absolutely clear, very comprehensible reason of absolute every anomaly, discovered in or near any genuine Crop Circle, including human&animal enigmatic sensation, feeling, behavior
Also very easy to determine nature lightning flash as  absolutely clear, very comprehensible reason of absolute every anomaly, discovered in or near any genuine Crop Circle, including human&animal enigmatic sensation, feeling, behavior
Last but not least, very easy to persuade - any circlemaker, enjoying only a short meeting with the one sole and only ones real earth-nature crop-lodging creator, the thunderbolt, would look something very similar like that...
Last but not least, very easy to persuade - any circlemaker, enjoying only a short meeting with the one sole and only ones real earth-nature crop-lodging creator, the thunderbolt, would look something very similar like that...
The time, elapsed between the discharge and crop circle really appearing - lodging (damaging, weakening) became visible - varies from several days to many weeks (!!!), maybe more months. One of the main reasons why the sole culprit still escapes and was never detected. Process very similar to chemical development of silver photos.
Weakening of stalks, caused through electricity from lightning, may be ongoing many weeks, before bending of the stalks to the ground occurs. Often due to the domino effect, flattening alone (bending, inclination of the stalks towards ground surface) process may last only minutes. Butterfly effect may also take place. Early morning dew (rain), possible reason of really short-time increase in 50 - 100% stalk weight, several g/plant, maybe more than 40 tons/ha (depending on the crop type).
The time, elapsed between the discharge and crop circle really appearing - lodging (damaging, weakening) became visible - varies from several days to many weeks (!!!), maybe more months. One of the main reasons why the sole culprit still escapes and was never detected. Process very similar to chemical development of silver photos.
The whole complete theory easy verifiable and demonstrable by means of realistic natural, biological, chemical and physical forces and processes. By many available, exact and precise natural and scientific methods and measuring. Falsifiability test of this hypothesis available - one of the strongest possible methods of scientific proof

>> Among others, a completely excellent and totally ruthless destroying of ETs. <<

The whole complete theory easy verifiable and demonstrable by means of realistic natural, biological, chemical and physical forces and processes. By many available, exact and precise natural and scientific methods and measuring. Falsifiability test of this hypothesis available - one of the strongest possible methods of scientific proof

>> Among others, a completely excellent and totally ruthless destroying of ETs. <<

from: wikipedia

unknown author



For a basic introduction to historical perspectives on the issue of crop circles is possible to visit Wikipedia - Crop circles. Most of the explanations submitted there, although includes nearly or falls almost entirely within the area of pseudoscience (junk science), but at least may serve as a basic information about the current view on the whole issue.


 Motto: Very much crop circles resemble a PC simulation of electromagnetic  fields. Even a single one, separate circle. That is why because they are really  created by ElectroMagnetic Field lines of force from lightning discharges.


Very nice event in Czech Republic (28. 6. 2014) - Crop circle Boskovice 2014



Objectively measured, electronically determined and computed locations of lightning.

 GPS (tens of meters), time (milionths of seconds), polarity, peak current (kA).

Lightning effects inside ceral fieldsThe most shocking message to any hitherto crop circles observer: Almost every lodged, flattened, downed, bent, inclined, declined, (damaged, weakened) cereals in the world are lying on the ground only and only thanks to the electricity from lightning. Accompanying photos are only just a tiny sample from a collection of more than 10 thousand photos. Most of them were acquired on the exact points, where were objectively determined, electronically measured and calculated GPS locations, time and intensity (kA) of lightning. They were collected during a number of years. After localization of the lightning were on many of described locations, made research and photographs more than ten times. Chronology very well documented there. Almost Lightning effects inside ceral fieldsevery time observed (although with some rare exceptions, certainly) that it takes several days before the stalks completely bend to the ground. Sometime several weeks. Sometime more than two months. The same happening during crop circles origin. Never, never, never any unknown, incomprehensible force. Only weakening of stalks, and effect of their own weight. In some places, the photographs were taken several days after the lightning has been identified there. But still without the slightest signs of weakening or damage of plants. Although the process of weakening of the stalks may take many days or weeks, the emergence of shape, which are shown in the accompanying photos, may be only a matter of minutes or hours. See the domino effect, chronology. The so-called forgeries are only a very small percentage, within statistical errors, but rather far below its levels. Shots are as a reminder and an effort to pay homage to the largest and most important manufacturers of photographic materials, that existed ever, styled to a film strip of Kodak slides.


By the way, farmers know very well, all the effects of lightning discharges into their corn fields during the growing season. Also with any other plants (sugar beets, potatoes, tomatoes, cotton or other). Agricultural science and scientists pay them attention in dozens and dozens of articles and scientific publications, as will be described later in more detail on some subpage. They know very well that very often after lightning discharge into the field is after some time created a circle, damaged, weakened, poorly growing or completely destroyed plants. The fact that farmers similar informations from Junk science admirers until the present time very successfully concealed, can be regarded as very well done joke. It certainly was a much more pleasant approach than if they kicked their sciolistic asses. They have made of them actually fun all the time, along with Mother Nature. From the pitiful audience, drugged by the mysteriousness of the phenomenon. But it is quite logical, because admirers of UFO, psychotronics, mystery and unknown energy have never been interested in similar objective informations. Why get acquainted with scientific literature fools, who over the decades apparently with any scientific or technical information, let alone a book, did not come into contact at all. Uneducated men who for any expert advice apparently did not care at all, and still only paid interest to their ufo-tele-para-psycho-kine-teri-logi-pati-eso-extra-senzo-inter-gala-terre-stela-super-natu-kvazi-tera-giga-mega-ultra-infra-makro-mikro-nano delusions and nonsense. Serves them right. The vast majority of individuals, who were ever like "professionally" interested themselves in crop circles problematics, in fact only parasitize on the fact that the whole matter is very difficult to explain. They were mostly parasites, nothing else.



Three monstrous, enormous, extremely great similarities

A similarity purely coincidental... (crop circles creation)

Again and again, will be continually emphasised: The crop circles creation (also any pattern of damaged cereals, even if completely irregular) foto process extremely reminds traditional photography and film, based on silver halide gelatine emulsions. After exposure at first arise latent (invisible) images.


Similarity # 1   - raster of plants in the field of grain acts as a photo-sensitive layer, recording a latent image. (shape pattern is recorded as the electromagnetic field lines)


Developing - chemical, biologial and physical changes, caused by the electricity, that lead to the weakening of stalks. The process may be really very slow, may last days or weeks, or even more than month. After some time they are so weakened that they are not able to hold their own weight, and bend to the ground. All this without any action of any other force, effect, or other phenomenon (incomprehensible, unknown, inexplicable, supernatural). But in some rather exceptional cases, the pattern can occur almost immediately after a thunderstorm and lightning discharges (resembles Polaroid). After developing the crop circle picture became visible.


Similarity # 2 - stored images are visualised through succesive slow (bio)chemical and physical processes. (similar to developer and fixer in a photographic darkroom)


Crop circle picture is created (recorded) during the lightning discharge, resembling photographic flash. Let's say, the energy impacting upon the sensitive layer maybe 1018 higher, ie 10 raised to a power 18, ie 1 followed by zero 18 times.


Similarity # 3 - the image is recorded with the help of (like-photo) flash


Comparison of images that were displayed in the field with the help of natural developer, is possible find in some publications or articles that deal with aerial archeology. For example Leo Deuel - Flights into yesterday: the story of aerial archeology, St. Martin's Press, 1969, ISBN 9780356031521, p. 38: "In this way, vegetation acts in somewhat the manner of a chemical developer of exposed photographic plates: it throws up the latent pictures." Author likely to use a quote of some pioneer in this field, perhaps even Crawford himself. It can be inferred from used expression "photographic plates" that were used much more in 1922 than in 1971.


Aerial archeology is a true, classical scientific research discipline. Unlike all previous very dubious theories about the origin of crop circles, that operate mostly with aliens, microwave radiation, UFOs, ETs, flying saucers or many more similar or much worse nonsense.


A list of several other classical scientific disciplines that will be gradually used to confirm this new theory, is located here.


One of the most important feature of this theory is fact, that any one particular genuine crop circle is verifiable backwards, long time ago, many years. 20-30? Possible ask meteorologists.


Any messages about crop circles until now were only " Much ado about nothing "


If interested, contact



The sole reason of any crop circles appearing in cereal fields is electricity of the lightning discharge on that place. Great magnetic, electromagnetic, electrostatic and mechanic forces also take effect. Huge electromagnetic radiation, and interferences between all described forces

Lightning discharges are also the only reason of every lodged (damaged, weakened) crop in the world, round whole globe. Estimation more 60-70%, some localities more 90%, or really the only one cause in the world. Say, much more 90%, with exception hurricanes, tornadoes, floods, really rare, anomalous, severe exposure. Lightning is one of the most extreme phenomenon in hydrometeorological observations.



Nature miracles

It looks, that maybe round last 40 years, also many earlier, the NATURE was only joking. It was one of the greatest joke ever made, and whole mankind, Homo Sapiens, were acting only like dummies, puppets, figurants or something like that.


Whole mankind saw the elephant.

Nature used all its possibilities and capabilities.


Really vicious circle (in crop). Crop circle joke.


If unverified and additional reports from previous years are included, for the 40 years can be attributed to any other estimate of 5 to 6 thousand more years. Difficult to verify theories on these pages really are not much at least, but hardly verifiable scientific theories to the work belongs. Here, one being:


It is possible that the ancient Chinese character Yin - Yang, first discovered in the fields, and only then became part of their symbolism. Something similar might be true of any other illustrations of ancient civilizations - the Maya and others. It is also possible to believe that Stonehenge, and many other millennial stone assemblies built aborigines simply because they just could not stand idly looking down on a regular patterns of crop circles that were at intervals of several years in the vicinity of the site appearing. They regarded them as divine command to perform some similar stupidity, like manufacturing the megalithic construction.


This is not a joke.



But was. Crop circles. It was one of the greatest joke, great theatrical performance, or film show, from our own NATURE ever made, and whole mankind, also many animals and plants acted as players, figurants, dummies, puppets, marionettes, clowns, augusts, jokers and goblins or something like that, in hidden camera program, lasting more than 30 - 40 years.




Film name: Low comedy crop circle joke

Filmed in: MCMLXX - MMX. Also earlier. (VI.M BC?)

Act place: nature, universe, globe

Director: nature & science and their laws, the sun

Leading role:the lightning discharge (act as himself, also manipulates by many marionettes, crowds, puppets, figurants, figureheads as: telepathic forces, extraterrestrials, stupid circlemakers, mental forces, sprites, paranormal forces, ghosts, flying saucers, UFOs, vortexes, microwave ovens, the forces from beyond the grave and many others)

2nd leading roles: the sun (also main energy supplier),

the globe (also catering),

the moon (also manipulation of the sleepwalker)

Marionette's puppeteers: All 4 leading role actors

Guest stars: laws of nature, laws of physics, plants, crops, animals, (themselves)

Supporting roles: whole amazed mankind, farmers, physicist, chemists, biologists, psychologists, psychiatrists, army specialists, astronomers, governmental agents, governors, photographers, pilots, police officers, spys, secret police, TV, film and press redactors, newspaper readers, hydrometeorologists, TV and film viewers

Crowds: dowsers, UFOlogists, fortune tellers, flying saucers, UFO and aliens believers, telepaths, rain doctors, woodooists, magi, metapsychologists, astrologists, mystics, occultists, paranormal believers, thought force believers, thinking transfer believers, and many other pseudoscience and alternative science "specialists".

fictious extraterrestrials - during filmmaking forever exterminated completely, "misadventure", by the favour of the director, with pleasure executed by the leading role actor - his majesty the lightning discharge

fictious circlemakers (sometimes in future will be forever exterminated completely, by the favour of the director, with pleasure will be executed by the leading role actor - his majesty the lightning discharge

Film price: "A little" billions $, €, £, ¥, also high amounts of any other charge existing, before euro, convertible and non-convertible charges.




The only one cause of making crop circles in crop fields is


lightning discharge (natural flash)


Gigantic, but completely natural process, objectively existing, understandable, measurable and explainable, beyond any supernatural forces and effects


Enormous electric spark (transfers and radiates gigajoules during a way round two kilometers, in extreme cases more terajoule (1012J), propagates 1/3-2/3c),  in terms of quantity energy transmitted absolutely inimitable in any factory or laboratory


Immediatelly followed by monstrous mechanic (propagates at first supersonic - shockwave, sonic - sound, and subsonic - blast wave, also a litle, registrable earthquakes)


Also followed by electrostatic, electromagnetic effects (light velocity) and secondary electromechanic and electromagnetic waves (distributed by induction in stalks and leafs, conductivity between plants touching each other, also conductivity of ionized air, ionised air humidity and earth surface)


Also a little difficult to define sequential charge and spark jumps between entities, including electrochemical transfer, and great, enormous interferences and resonances between all that. In some cases also possible to find (and measure) monumental rotating electromagnetic field.


More than 99,9% crop circles found (also that never found) in the world yearly are genuine, not manmade.


Mentioned crop circles were created by real nature (huge) mechanic, electrostatic and electromagnetic forces and very high (huge) electric tensions and currents, during lightning discharge (also very short time before and after).


Any of them were really monstrous, beyond any imagination.


Also in named crop circle sites appeared classic (but huge, too) currents conduction in air, soil, stalks, roots, leafs and electrolysis there.


Also in named crop circle sites appeared pyrolysis, high voltage dissociation of vapours, liquids and solids, thermal decomposition and similar changes.


The same made by electrostatic and electromagnetic induction, directly in crop stalks, leafs and roots.


There in named crop circle sites may be in progress huge interferences and resonances between all named forces, too, and between parallel strikes and restrikes, that were in progress there, and all electromagnetic beams and mechanic effects created by that.






If interested, contact


Continuing of the main page


For a basic introduction to historical perspectives on the issue of crop circles possible visit Wikipedia - Crop circle. Although most of the explanations, submitted there, falls or almost entirely belongs under the Pseudoscience (Junk science), i.e. appertains to the Category: Pseudoscience, however at least may serve as a basic information about the current view on the whole issue.


Above all, it must be emphasized, that the explanation shown here, or any page of this website, in any case does not deal with concepts or fields of human activities such as Esotericism, Parapsychology, Psychotronics, Paranormal phenomena, Ufology, Spiritism, Astrology, Occult, Numerology, Oracle, Superstition.

Belief in aliens, Extraterrestrial life, including Extraterrestrials in fiction, E.T. the Extra-Terrestrial, Astrobiology, Unidentified flying object, Military disc-shaped aircraft, Flying saucer, visitors from Universe, Outer space, Galaxy, Milky Way.

Magic (paranormal), Black magic, Witches' Sabbath, Witchcraft, Supernatural phenomena, Miracles. Poltergeist, 2012 phenomenon, Conspiracy theory, Psychokinesis, Shamanism, Mysticism, or any other field of Pseudoscience or Junk science from the Category: Pseudoscience.



Even if any message down this page(s) would look like to be absolutely sure, there should be placed an introductory sentence before that

Is possible, that...

Possibly would be proved, that...

Presumably possible...

Some (many) observations (experiments) may imply, that...

Absolutely sure being right maybe only stupid, silly, pinhead, bighead or bigmouth.

(so, which one of them, damned?)


Estimated square area

From one half to one and half a million sq. kilometers of lodged (damaged, weakened) crop yearly. Crop circles are only a millionth or less peace of it (or of a shit), only a peanut. Yet, even though it does not appear so, the principle of their formation and the underlying causes completely agree with any commonly irregularly lodged (damaged, weakened) crop areas anywhere in the world. The way of crop circle forming may depend very much on local conditions (Britain), also possible that some crop circles appear only due to lightning discharge has occured two times on that same place, the second maybe more weeks later. Thus falls into already significantly weakened structure of plants. In some cases also possible, that the lightning was extremely strong, beyond any imagination. Any lightnig, even if very weak, operate with such a great voltages, currents and magnetism between clouds and ground, any of that value is beyond any imagination. Safety first, please. Alan Pinkerton




This is not a joke



Genuine crop circles

(NATURE made symmetrical crop formations - basic physical principles)

Much more 99,9% crop circles found yearly in crop fields round whole world are genuine, not hoax, not manmade.


Creation of named genuine, natural crop circles was made by simple, absolutely clear, complete and only nature, great, huge mechanicc, electrostatic and elektromagnetic forces, that appear just before, during, and shortly after the lightning discharge. If during their formation, in some relatively rare cases, significantly contributes resonance and interference (photo), may occur even incomprehensibly complex and regular shapes.


Named forces are extremely powerful, beyond any realistic people's imagination.


from: wikipedia

unknown author



The first damage of plant tissues in crop circles - by electric current

One of the main damage reasons of plant tissues and any particles are electric currents, caused by induction and direct conduction - ionised air, soil, close-knit plant particles and roots, and electrolysis of all that. There becomes harmful chemical agents in that tissues, and some cells are immediately dead. All named parts of plants acted as conductors, possible to be an object of induction. Electrical inductance in crop circle plants did not last longer than 1/1000 sec.


Some cells are dead immediately, some other will die in future days or weeks, due to harmful chemicals. Chronology of that process is a little complicated, but plants are able to recover themselves quite good. They are attempting to get that toxins down the stalks and out from roots.


Possible, that during the creation of crop circle pattern there became to great resonances and interferences between all named lightning discharge forces and all other effects, invoked by that.


Also mechanical resonances and interferences between some underground areas near arising crop circle pattern - (caves, aquiferous layers).




Underground lines, pipes (1)

There are many pipes underground - waterpipes, electricity, gas, drainages. Possible, that great part of lightning currents are conducted near some of that lines, and after that may appear on the surface of the field strips of lying damaged or dead cereals. Possible, that such crop lines are completely dead. Such strips may appear in cereal fields even much more often, than any other regular patterns of crop circles, that were anytime found. Any such strip, even if near crop circles, are absolutely out of focus of any crop circles observer. The stripes of cereal lying above underground pipes are the sole cereal shapes, that is possible predict in future. Possible to find many of such strips in many air photos. There will be whole page lines. Such long lines often appear near some crop figures (many photos available), some of them pass through them. Also many quite isolated lines of damaged or completely dead cereals, may appear near or in any irregular shape. Not only lines, but also some more complex, sometime very complex structures. That is the only shape which occurrence, especially very precise position, it can quite successfully predict the future. Its occurrence may be able to detect a large number of aerial photos from the past. Alone, no special lines lying damaged grain may occur in the vicinity or within completely irregular shapes. Of course, arise only when in close proximity lightning hits. But if that happens, surely arise.


Crop circle created by lightning with underground pipesIncurred by certain (it can be very substantial) part of the discharge energy passes over any underground pipes or occurring network. Any engineering network, it can also be a ceramic, concrete or plastic underground drain. Residual energy of the lightning discharge, which passes over any underground structures, partly affects the root systems of plants located above them, and there is a series of subsequent events, as described on the page chronology. Electrochemistry, chemistry, biology, physiology, pathology (plants damaged and weakened by the passage of electrical energy are easier targets for any pest). Period of several days or even weeks, and plants in the line of exactly replicating the direction of the underground lines, flatten - bend the stalks to the ground, or die completely. This may of course occur in different time periods, if the affected underground lines exceeds the borders of several fields, due to different local conditions and differences in the resistance of cultivated crops above it.


Possible, that such straight lines are parts of many crop circles, found in past. Plans of underground services exist and are to trace. In many fields there are drainage systems.


The lines, or some more complex shapes, may also appear above some archeological structures. Landscape architecture could result in even more complex shapes. Of course also circles, for instance above places where was the well, roundel, threshing floor, garden little lake. Thanks to chronology, during days, or weeks, may cereals above such lines gradually weaken and bend to the surface, or, also very often, completely wither away and die back. Even if they are found near any crop circles, they are really completely out of attention of any Crop Circle observer. Also possible, that such lines are passing through more than one field with cereals, sometime many. (Opočno)




Example of pipes


On the left picture possible pipe under the line visible in the crop, passing through all crop circles. On the right picture, there is an underground pipe much more probable.

Crop circle created by lightning with underground pipesCrop circle created by lightning with underground pipes Left: East Field, Wiltshire, 18th July 2005. Right: Winterbourne Bassett, Wiltshire, 23th May 1998

The right crop circle picture, originally described "The formation also crossed over a road", but the only correct characterisation is under the road.


It would probably be possible to find many other photos of crop circles that contain more straight line shapes, some of which (or straight line connecting the center of the circle) would be identified with pipelines of anything, electricity, data, materials, water, waste, ie all utility lines. In addition, most frequently occurring below the fields surface - drainages and dewatering channels situated underground. More attention to described phenomena will be paid on some other pages - straight lines of damaged cereals, where will be concentrated many other crop circles photographs of of observers from previous years.


Some photos of such place on the page retroactive finding of lightning location. Possible observe, that border between dead and living cereal is very accurate, several centimeters, farther away stalks are not dead, neither bent


Record of electromagnetic fields in a raster of cereal stalks

Crop field - a recording medium, able to create a graphic record of EMF

Any, even if very simple, odd crop circle, possible to consider as analogy of graphic record of electromagnetic field in iron sawdust. Actually not only crop circles, but also any shape in cereal, including that completely irregular, possible to explain as a graphic interpretation, characteristic, graph, record or photograph of electromagnetic processes, that were in progress above the surface of that field with cereals many days before formations appeared. Possible compare with record of "storage oscilloscope". Described "electromagnetic processes" were possible to visualise due to natural processes in plants, by weakening of their stalks, from that results their bending. More informations further on this page - mimicry, and much more informations in the page chronology. Such a visualisation can appear after a long time, many days or weeks, but thanks to "domino effect" (maybe going hand in hand with butterfly effect), it may last only minutes.


Graphic representationn

Crop circle - simply said, possible to consider every separate shape as a "visualization of the magnetic induction field lines around the conductor".

This is a fairly accurate graphical representation. That conductor was in this case the air, more specifically plasma, created through it during the discharge, was about 5mm wide, not more 10mm, and the current conducting through it was several hundred thousands of amperes (sometimes near a million). Magnetic field surrounding such a wire is obviously "something more high" than a field, created by the teacher during a physical experiment in a school laboratory. Worth mentioning that the rate of current rise in such a conductor (di/dt) sometimes exceeds more than two hundred thousands of amperes during a sole microsecond. In common engineering practice (transient processes, generators, starting of motors) are the values in order many million times lower. The rate of current rise is a crucial factor affecting induction of the surrounding line wires. Any plant is also a line wire, able to conduct electricity, even if very badly. The higher the rate of current rise, the higher the induced voltage.



Some possibilities of conduction of electricity in plant material

An important role in weakening stalks of plants inside crop circle may sometimes play in plant material only the electric induction (see electrical induction, section Electro-PhytoPathology). Electric currents, that are damaging the plant tissues, also may be conducted through soil, and ionised air. Also high voltage corona, symmetrically surrounded around the conductor - the channel of the lightning discharge (a circle shape, several meters in case of lightning - many millions of volts), is also one of great favorites of the possibility conducting electricity into plants.



Affair crop circle gatee - much ado about nothing

Possible, that any phantastic messages about crop circles, anywhere around the globe, including any crazy theories (extraterrestrials, psychic energy, military experiments, bluffing or discouragement, dancing hedgehogs, drunken kangaroos, telekinesis, meta-psychology and many other) were only fables or fairy tales, much cry and a little wool, much ado about nothing. Maybe possible give a name to everything, what was happening around crop circles during years from 1970-2011, also earlier, in cereal fields, much more in mass media, give a name



"Affair crop circle gatee"...




Brief summary of the lightning discharge parameters

more detailed, calculated and measured values in lightning and subpages

During any lightning hit ("flash"), into any field of cereals, there typically occur, and also actually physically and mechanically work::



Interferences and resonances between extremely strong electromagnetic beams may be the only reason of some very complicated designs (fractals). There also arise bending, diffraction, refraction and reflection of all electromagnetic beams, occuring there. They behave very similar to light. Every light, also infrared, ultraviolet, is also electromagnetic wave. Visible light ranges from about 390 to 790nm (frequence 3.9×1014 Hz to 7.9×1014 Hz). Under some conditions there also possible take place total reflection (there may appear these types of phase boundary: air - plasma, cold air - hot air, high pressure - normal pressure, quickly moving air - standing air)


Note: approximate number of all lightning discharges, that yearly typically strike into fields with cereals and grass areas on the whole Earth planet, is one billion (109)...


For comparison: one a little more than only average lightning flash may transfer such a great quantity of energy, to a fully loaded truck would thanks to that energy, more than once drive around the whole planet...




Anomalies - introduction

Possible see in whatever of TV document or documentary film, book, newspaper, magazine, periodical article, or any web, dealing with Crop Circles problematics. All observers of crop circles, mostly old doyen of that branch of activity, are really as miserable as a wet week, that near almost every of crop circles, called genuine, is possible to register many anomalies, very often "something very strong electro-magnetic or electrostatic, absolutely perplexing, beyond any possibility of understanding", and there is no possibility that will be resolved anytime in future. But they were all that time, more than 30 years, really very near completely scientific deciphering of such a great problem. Many, many of that crop circle followers, that were browsing round them with compass in their hand. On one planet of solar system, called globe, inhabited by humanized monkeys of type humankind, any other possibility, how to create geomagnetic anomalies with such intensity and time course, than lightning, never existed. For instance, primarily on the basalt subsoil. It knew Mr. Pockels. But he was conducting his research experiments sometimes just before 1900. It was possible only to ask.


After all, precisely lightning discharge itself is possible to consider as a phenomenon, ranging completely out of scope of any ordinary human imagination. Common denomination that is used in almost every document about Crop Circles - "there does not exist any possibility of an explanation using science methods".


"Short" list of more than 40 scientific disciplines, usable as help in crop circle explanation,can be found here. All of them are completely objectively, repeatably and reproducibly, usable for explaining causes of all sorts of phenomena that are accompanying damaged and weakened cereals. Not only cereals, but also all sorts of other plants. Sometime thanks to the damage and weakening bended down even to the ground. By that possible explain all weakened and damaged plants, even incurred inside any irregular shape, not only damaged plants, found within "classic" crop circles. Not only crop circles, but any cereals or plants, damaged in such an extent, thet they are bent, lying on the ground.


Only one, sole lightning discharge is possible to use for explaining all sorts of such anomalies. Entirely every of them, mostly for any described phenomena. They all look like presence of electrostatic and electromagnetic field on that point in past. There were present absolutely unimaginable electrostatic and electromagnetic fields, able to cause every of described anomalies. On the site there were present absolutely unimaginable, extremely strong, gigantic electrostatic - electromagnetic - electromechanic - plasma pulsee, named LEMP (Lightning Electro Magnetic Pulse), what means lightning electro magnetic pulse. In every specialized publication about the lightning discharge phenomena is possible to find such an enough number of technical specifications about the lightning characteristics, that is possible to explain entirely every of such phenomena absolutely without exception. Current, speed, energy, voltage, temperature, rate of current rise, see table. Possible to observe, that the lightning discharge impulse is a phenomenon beyond any imagination, and is really able to cause entirely every of described anomalies. Contains and transfers really a lot enough amount of energy for such purposes.


In such a case, that anybody would encounter that phenomenon really Face to Face, would be quite impossible for him to narrate story about that.


Much more information, more detailed, in the page anomalies and subpages. By the way, not only physical anomalies. Electrostatic, Electromagnetic, temperature differencies, thanks to that also arising pressure differencies underground - "unexplainable" sounds may appear weeks after lightning. Also chemicals - there may appear really extremely toxic poisons, placed under the ground surface, tens of kg, much of that able to evaporate in gaseous phase. Totally invisible. Safety first. Observers should rather try do not act like guinea-pigs, and to try invite toxicologists from an accredited laboratory. Crop Circle documentarists will be very surprised by toxicologic measuring and findings. Dosimeter is not able measure concentrations of poisonous chemicals.



A little gallery of pictures, usable everywhere crop circle found

On the place is highly possible a presence of high amounts of extremely toxic chemicals, also gasses. You are visiting the place at your own risk.


The mystery of crop circles is resolved. Definitively. Once and for all. For ever..


Shocking revelation !!!!!!

This paragraph serves on this page like a pause, it's a theatrical in-jargon term.

Logical, scientific. With applying the laws of nature. Understandable and explainable..


Almost unbelievable, but very clear, explaining not only main process of damaging and weakening. Also able to explain any unbelievable, supposed anomalous effects, transcendental, supernatural, near every of genuine crop circles.



Natural mimicry

One of the most remarkable fact is that the main delinquent - the only one real author of crop circles - works disguised as absolutely innocent. A relatively long time after lightning (hours, days) may any cereal, crop or plant look still absolutely untouched. There is not possible to observe any damage in the cereals. There was held only "exposition" (process very similar to formation of latent picture in layer of clasic silver-halide photo-process). Latent picture is absolutely invisible, and will become visible later, only after many days or weeks of development. At first, there appear only invisible microscopic damages of plant tissues. Also mechanical properties of plants are undistinguishable from undamaged plants that were not affected by electric currents. Long time lasting biochemical and biophysical processes are causing up to such a long time between the conducting of electric current and weakening. Only then straws bend to the ground, and thus is crop circle visualised, mostly many days after the lightning discharge, that caused it.


Only after such a long time after the passage of electric current through the plant bodies their straws become weaken so much, that they fail to maintain their own weight and they start to bend to the ground. Unlike the precedent process of weakening, lasting many days or weeks, the process of bending - the real crop circle visualisation - may last only hoyrs or even minutes (butterfly effect, domino effect)


That's why nobody is able to derive the relationship between the lightning and the weakening of plants, and thanks to that straws lying on the ground (also crop circle appearing). There was absolutely impossible to observe any damage immediately after thunderstorm and lightnings. Several weeks later, often during very nice weather conditions, straws of plants start bending to the ground. First only several sq. meters, but in the course of time are lying on the field surface more and more considerable part of the area and short time before harvesting in rare cases is lying sometimes even 90% of the whole field. More frequently 20-30%, but everything may be a result of only one, sole lightning, into that place before many weeks, often longer than month. Much more information will be on the page chronology and its subpages.





Automatic exposure

Intensity of the "exposition" affects the time distance between the moment of the lightning discharge and start of the bending stalks to the ground

Next, important and essential fact is that the damage of cereals (visually observable), that was caused only by sole lightning on one field, need not occur only one times, say, during one day. They are dependent on the distance between damaged cereals and the point of the lightning strike. Also on the conductivity of tractor tracks, and on the amount of electric energy that was conducted over the field surface. Also in cases of some genuine crop circles is possible, that they can be enlarged or complemented several days after they were observed for the first time. There were some other places damaged by electric current, but not as intensively as places, that

Nine circles & associated pathways, at Eltopia

Washington (USA) which occurred during the night

of June 18-19, 1998. [photo taken June 21, 1998]

Eltopia, Washington formation re-photographed

3 weeks later, after the circle-making energy

system had revisited the field.

became visible first. Also very often sometime after the crop circle was firstly discovered, several days after that, may appear more and more of damaged cereals near or away, but only as RDF (Randomly Downed Formations), irregularly lying cereals. Again, is very common that everything was caused only by sole lightning discharge. On the left side are placed two photos from bltresearch. Possible, that in the second case there really was in progress some other action of energy, "revisited the field", but in fact there was absolutely no need of something like that. Straws of cereal are inclining more and more during the whole remaining of the vegetation period, longer and longer time after the only first and sole lightning discharge (also last), without any other needed. The main question is: Why, after the crop circle was created, and when "the circle making energy system had revisited the field", did not create more new circles there, but only irregular formations? The authors of the text unintentionally inform, that the creation of irregular formations through the "circle-making energy", the enegy that is able to create the crop circles, is something entirely natural. Only one lightning (or group of several consequent discharges, almost never lasting longer than one second) is quite possible to cause gradually increasing damage of cereals, 

Two formations at West Overton, Wiltshire (UK).

The large ring encircled the Overton Road "T"

junction -- and the long pictogram, which occurred

subsequently, itself gained another circle the night

after the rest of the pictogram had formed.

increasing progressively during all remaining vegetation period, until harvesting, on any place on that field, and even in areas not directly hit by the lightning. Electric energy may be distributed around the field partly by means of tractor tracks. Some random lines, may be branched, straight, or forked close from the impact point of the lightning pulse forehead. Electric current is moving described way, near from periodic shapes in cereal on the ground, not only in tracks of tractor and their immediate vicinity, before starting to continue under the ground. The passage of electrical currents inside plant body, cells, tissues and thus damaging them may also cause uneven ripening of cereals. The third, and next photo - possible to see crop circle expanding in time. Is possible, that everything is a result of only sole lightning, but irregular "exposition" of particular surfaces. (1st Return Stroke, after that approx. 4 - 8 Restrikes, see lightning). Possible, that the 1st Return Stroke hit just into the center of the T-junction, and some of the Restrikes (weaker) continued into the cereal field. The bottom crop circle picture on was found thanks to Google, for instance www.noufors.comm or, unknown author, the same place, earlier date - without continuing and expanding parts.






Relates to any damaged and weakened cereal around the whole world

Once more: processes, described on this page, not only in paragraphs mimicry and automatic exposure, but on any page of www.cropcirclesonline.comm and related pages, for instance, relate to any cereals in the whole world. Weakened, damaged lying plants, with straws bended, lying on or only leaned to the soil surface. Absolutely irregular shapes, that is possible find on any place in the world. Any cereal field. Not only cereal, but agricultural crops of any kind. Stalks will start visible inclining and bending in the direction towards the soil surface (as the first visible marks of weakening) mostly long time after the lightning strike moment (weeks, months). In the case of extremely strong lightning substantially faster. Regular shapes - crop circles, fractals, mirrored pictures become only in one case from several millions, and with difficulty is possible to simple explain, why. Possible that more than described several reasons, really very rare, must collaborate, to create such an intricate patterns. Much more informations will be possible found in Chronology and subpages, also EPP (Electro-PhytoPathology, effects of electricity on the body of plant, plant parts, tissues and cells)




Some Crop Circles appear on long straight lines

(long distance, many kilometers)

Thanks to thunderstorms, that move in the scenery, oriented in the direction of the wind, is possible to explain some crop circles, that appeared on a straight line, in very long distance one from other. They appeared in different times (several weeks), depending on the type of crop, its condition, humidity of plants, soil, and intensity, energy of the lightning discharge. Every of that described crop circle pictograms, appear in quite different time, very long after thunderstorm. Nobody is able to derive any dependence between thunderstorms and the damage of the plants. Possible, that some of such thunderstorm passed over some Ley Line, what is of course possible. But necessary to emphasize again that more or less accidentally. People noticed and observed such pictograms, of course, and the work of one great mankind mistake was very easily accomplished.


A complete coincidence, however, it need not be, because it is not impossible at all that ancient sites (stone sculptures, megalithic structures) aborigines built where they found on their fields or pastures periodically appeared some crop circles often, in cereals, crops or grass. Crop circles were by them simply considered as the command of God, instructing them to execute some similar stupidity, as for instance the construction of megalithic structure is. For instance Stonehenge, Rollright Stones, Milk Hill, Alton Barnes, Silbury Hill, Avebury Manor.


Is everything just a coincidence?


Next two photos from "Crop circles: In search of a sign"Michele Gardner-Smith

left: crop circle in Langdon, north Dakota, U.S.A, 25th of Jun 2000

later appeared next two crop circle patterns, directly following a line, several kilometers distance one from other. (right picture). Possible ask meteorologists to look at their records - thunderstorm took place several days or weeks before the first pictogram was found.


Under the surface of some lines, that appear near some crop circles, possible exist some pipes or drainage, also possible electric power lines or underground gas lines. More information  lines.


Trails of dead or weakened cerealss, lying on the ground - new anomalous phenomenon, not described, but existing in past. Possible much more frequent, than any of crop circles found ever. Also possible, that centers of many crop circles appear right above some of described pipes underground.

That was only possible for some goggle-eyed Americans exclaim WOW!






Domino effect, butterfly effect

Another very interesting and surprising fact, which can be described by theories of exposure and gradual weakening of plants inside the crop circle relatively easy to explain, often occurring over themselves regularly arranged bundles of straws, quite obviously not realisable by any human work (f,f). Stalks withstand until the latest possible time upright, just due to the gradual weakening slightly tilted, so in the vegetation is first formed a structure with bundles of several hundreds mutually supporting stalks. Long before they fall down to the ground, may on that place exist many bundles with hundreds of stalks, still standing approximately upright, even if just so so. Plants and their parts which touch each other, may attach themselves to a measurable strength thanks to the surface tension of water, which relatively unstable structure of weakened plants again for some time stabilize and protect mutually, against quick bending to the ground. The process of crop circle pattern viualisation is thus still delayed.


Water may operate as butterfly (plants water-soaked - light rain, morning dew), because during relative short time, several hours, may the weight of any stalk raise two times. That is only several gms/stalks, but several kgs/m2, and many tons per hectar. May be 20, 30, depending on the crop type. After some time is reached a limit angle. After that is the bending continuing significantly more rapidly. When the first bundle touches some other, domino effect starts, and may last only minutes. Bundles are falling down, one by one, like chain reaction (one bundle may touch more than only a single other). The crop circle picture is thus definitively visualised. In a relatively unbelievable short time (if observed - similar testimonies exist), and seemingly without action of any visible and known force.


As a drive of the Domino Effect may also work flowing air, caused by other bundles. (demo here!). Swirling of air (and of dust) may look like an unknown force. Rising from the depths of the earth, and observers of such described crop circle creation may therefore look somewhat wide-eyed, startled and amazed. Really is for them almost nothing other possible.


Sometime several such bundles can continue staying upright (change from wet to dry several times). Possible to find on some photos. !photo



As a butterfly may also operate time to time a bumblebee.



Observation of crop circles - some interesting ideas:

Where to look for crop circles:

Only on that place, where thunderstorm passed over, nowhere else. The best on a place with localised lightning in a crop. Is possible try to find some marks that lightning struck into a field with cereals, on some trees - easy to distinguish "this year lightning discharge". In some cases possible find a point, where the lightning hit right into a field, some days before the damaged plants appear. In such a case is possible to distinguish the point where the lightning hit right into the crop. The differences in condition may be observed some days before the moment, when stalks are bended to the ground. Will be explained, also documentary photos placed here.  See Chronology


When to look for crop circles:

1. never during thunderstorm. Any such worker would have really very short durability, and thus would be need very often replenish them.


2. at least several hours or more after thunderstorm, when thundercloud is far away or do not exist. The first marks of lightning in crops may appear several days after storm (immediately on a tree). Sometimes damaged cereal becomes visible really short time after lightning, possible minutes, hours. Some lightnings contain extremely great amount of mechanical energy. Also heavy rain may take effect - higher mechanical stress, more electric power conducted and induced on the wet plants and ground surface, also near under the ground. Also possible dual discharge (two lightnings, time interval one week or more) may take place there, see next. 


3.  In many cases cereal damage became visible long time after thunderstorm, more than after two months. Is possible (but not sure), that lying cereals appeared mainly thanks to that a second lightning stroke into the same field of cereals occured. The second after several days, rather weeks later. More info The effect of two lightning discharges. The first discharge may "prepare" some not exactly defined areas of approximately uniformly weakened plants. Maybe several hectares. The second lightning discharge, several weeks later, completes that work, much more considerable effects. Possible, that after the second lightning discharge crop lying immediately, or much faster. Two lightning discharges, not far from each other, during one vegetation season becomes only in rare cases. Possible, that only one of described lightning discharges would cause only insignificant damage.


Time - Lapse - Camera



4. Very interesting idea would be use of time-lapse cameras for observing process of crop circle creation. For instance some Canon cameras are programmable as not only timelapse, but also are able to catch any lightning. By using two identical photo cameras and making stereo photograpgs, after using a method stereo photogrammetry, would be able to determine the lightning position in a distance of kilometers with an accuracy of centimeters. When using distance between cameras - stereobase one meter or more.



5. Instalation of time - lapse cameras, after some crop circles were found, also possible and useful. Or continual photographing of any such crop circle pictogram, day by day, until harvesting. (at a safe distance, see Warning, photographing from a distance, preferably from above quite sufficient) would be from 2012 and next should be the most fundamental duty of every just a little serious crop circles observer. If someone like that exists at all in the world. But the field visit as little as possible, choose to observe only that which will be able observe from a respectful distance. It should be emphasized that the actual geometric pattern is for the purposes of subsequent research almost uninteresting, it is necessary to focus primarily on the near also distant surroundings, that on the vast majority of crop circles images almost never appear!!!


Details of previous use of the timelapse cameras in "research processes in the cereal fields," and their possible use sometime in the future will be located here.



Damaged cereals, commonly occurring in cereal fields

irregular shapes of damaged, weakened, lodged, bent, on the ground lying cereals

more details on page lodged (damaged, weakened) crop


Lightning discharges above crop fields and near from that are almost the only one main causee (more 99%) cereals and any other crop lying on the soil surface around the whole world. Something between 0,5 to 1,5 millions km2. oil rope during harvesting

oil rape during harvesting

Not only cereal, also any other crops (eg. rape, poppy) and plants. Not only lying crops, but otherwise significantly damaged - plants may be completely dead, or just damaged by pests, either plant or animal origin - bacteria, viruses, molds, fungi, parasites, insects. Pests, in this case, of course, act only as a secondary effect, because healthy plants, unaffected by electricity, would be totally untouched by appointed pests. Once again: forces, created by the action of the lightning discharge above considered place were unimaginable, mechanical (possible compare to a strong explosion, tens to hundreds of kg TNT, or more) as well as electrostatic and electromagnetic forces, with equivalent or even higher energy. 

poppy - 2008, identical locality; left 6th July, another two of August; (tree - "identification of the culprit")

Although all the enumerated powers were really beyond any ordinary human imagination, immediately after the lightning discharge (also the whole storm) possible, that on the entire field is not lying on the ground even one sole stalk. There would be possible find only microscopic changes in plant tissues, possibly several blackened, burned individuals. Up until the time ...

(note: certainly there may be some mechanically changed, damaged stalks, not more then half a meter from the channel of the lightning discharge - complicated, intertwined bundles, absolutely invisible from the margin of the field, but will be found inside crop circles, after they were noticed)


Crop circles, also any other regular, interferences, fractals, or combined pictures are as well as only a tiny fraction of this phenomenon, that may perhaps occur only thanks to very rare interactions of several coincidences, under conditions that are not yet sufficiently explained, can be only very approximately estimated and simulated in laboratory or computer.


Considerable influence just before lodging (bending stalks to the ground) may play a humidity - even slight showers or drizzle, or even the morning dew. For more information on the page domino effect. Mention zskvo 4-5 hours in the morning.


lissajous figures

Interference and resonance

(analogy of chladni and lissajous shapes in a raster of plants)

It is quite likely that sometime during crop circle creation there occurred to an extraordinary coincidence (especially in the case of complex geometric patterns). Very strong resonances and interferences between all described forces able to participate during their formation. These mechanical forces - air flowing, earthquakes (3-4), shock waves and pressure waves, resonance of underground caverns, as well as electromagnetic and electrostatic forces. In all enumerated cases, within a distance from several meters to tens of meters from the point of lightning impact, the forces were huge, completely beyond any ordinary human imagination. Some crop circle patterns then look like a record of resonance and interference phenomena that have occurred near some cereal fields. Lichtenberg, Kyrilian also may participate..te.


Example of electric current induction in plants


Following crop circle figures are remarkably similar to magnetic field patterns, like in metal (ferromagnetic) sawdust. The lightning discharge works like a conductor, placed perpendicular to the ground, and a huge electromagnetic field is created around it (mostly circular), thus able to evoke electrical induction in all subjects in the area, including plants.

Obrazce elektromagnetického pole, vytvořeného jedním, dvěma a šesticí ekvivalentních výbojů blesku.


They remind electromagnetic field lines. That were formed by electromagnetic field in iron sawdust, by one, two and six equivalent lightning discharges, conductors perpendicular to the ground, passing through the surface to the deep underground.
They were generated by a similar principle, which is displayed at right, but not only as a simple circle. There were created whole complicated interference patterns. They were created just exactly at the moment of the lightning discharge, but they were developed several days or weeks, even more later, through delayed natural processes in plants (natural developer). Accompanying picture possible enlarge by hovering mouse. The natural lightning discharge worked in an unbelievable similar function like a photo-flash. The surface of the field with cereals was working unimaginably similarly to process during the exposition of photographic material, followed by developing, (very slow). In aerial archeology is used very similar term, "natural developer", for explanation the process of creation cropmarks.


In this way, vegetation acts in somewhat the manner of a chemical developer of exposed photographic plates: it throws up the latent pictures.tures., (Flights into yesterday: the story of aerial archaeology, Leo Deuel, St. Martin's Press NY 1969, page 38)


It is interesting that very similar shapes would be likely created thanks to the radiation interferences, even just one eccentrically impacting, of consequent electric discharges within the expanding air column.




A little of physics...

As an example could be noted that each electron in lightning discharge (an average lightning, meant the most important part - the Return Stroke, see lightning), transfers an energy of the order of 1030 times larger than needed electron to jump from the level "s" to the level "p" in hydrogen atom. That looks really enough. Count of electrons in such an average lightning discharge is approximately 1021, that looks like a lot, too. The electrical charge is around 300 Coulombs, which in turn apparently does not look like much.


By the way, here is a link to a note that is located for sure at the end of this page, because some readers would really not have understand and accept it


Several more theoretical reasoning here:

Regularity of patterns and statistically highly over-frequent notable high-precision multi-axis symmetry

What is still very difficult - trying to explain one of very interesting crop circles property - very precise symmetry by more than one axis - 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, even more, also exact central symmetry and very accurate mirror reflection. One of possible, but with difficulty verifiable considerations provides, that in the lightning discharge (plasma), during its impact on the ground, just before and after, able to create something like a gigantic analogy of atomic and molecular structures (crystallography, atomic and molecular orbitals and their hybridized variants, conjugated double bonds, conjugated triple bonds, cyclic and chain compounds of carbon and silicon).  It is very vague and hardly provable theory, of course. It should be noted, that in the plasma discharge, where may be present many millions of volts per meter and sometime carries more than half a million amperes, may happen things, that would want (and would be able) to examine hardly nobody...


However, in some paragraph later will appear a description of a process, in which can be assumed - both theoretically and practically - (sometime in the future, of course) much higher demonstrability (rotating electromagnetic field). Immediately followed by consideration of possible comparison impact of water droplets into a liquid or into a thin layer of a fluid, which are all for theoretical research, also practical more accessible.


In nature, namely the successful models repeated. From the infinitely small to the infinitely large. Yann Arthus Bertrand. It would be the best, if such a greatly overwhelmed mankind terminate prohibit Mother Nature create regular patterns in the cereal. Just possible simply say that Mother Nature is able to create them. Mathematical-physical computer modeling can be postponed to any time in the future, as well as of theoretical preliminary designs and ideas of any physical models. Mother Nature is very simply able to create them all by itself even without help of any silly extraterrestrials. Beautiful patterns of ice crystals on the glass, as well as any crystal structure, Mother Nature also creates completely by its own, without any asistence of any ridiculous and idiotic extraterrestrials. Just possible simply watch. No one is looking for extraterrestrials when his window freezes, or when looking at the basalt organs anywhere in the world, not just those at Panská skála, Kamenický Šenov (Steinschönau). Photo Devils Postpile National Monument U.S. National Park Service


Something similar is possible to say about the possibilities of multiple reflections and interferences of electromagnetic beams inside column of air, rapidly expanding. In view of the interest of this topic, and the fact, that some patterns really indicate similar way of creating, some of the newly created subpage of lightning section will specifically pay attention to this possibility. It is essential, that in a similar way always originates a circle as the base, and inside that is possible find various sorts of resonances, fractals, also interferences or combined crop circle patterns. (photo examples will be here)


Brief introduction:

Immediately after the lightning discharge (meaning the first Return Stroke), during which there is for a short time (a few millionths of seconds) only a very thin column of plasma, 5-10mm, which immediately begins rapidly expand into the surroundings, and will set in motion surrounding air. Beams of electromagnetic radiation from the point of origin (the channel of lightning) are moving at the speed of light, the expansion of the air column happens speed comparable to the speed of sound, that is around million times slower. The channel of the lightning radiates energy of all wavelenghts to its surroundings, also supplies heat to ambient air, consequently kinetic energy, many millions joules, per one meter of the electrical discharge. During a fraction of a second, the mass with rapidly moving column of air, encounters into the stationary air, in a distance of tens of meters from the channel of lightning, and at this time may occur a subsequent lightning stroke - Restrike, inside this rapidly moving column of air. The term "rapidly moving column of air" is pronounced only relatively, of course, because the beams of the electromagnetic waves are moving and reflecting inside it million times faster.


From the viewpoint of consequent lightning strokes, the column of air may be regarded as a stationary object, cylinder, very sharply bounded. Suppose, with a diameter of 10 m (0.03 sec after the first Return Stroke). Restrike inside of this column is moving at 100-200 thousands km/h, and electromagnetic beams radiated by that, are moving at light velocity. During only hundred millionths of a second, what is the time during that is radiated power of the vast part of subsequent lightning stroke (more 99%), is the column of air moving "only" sound velocity, to a distance 30 mm. Electromagnetic radiation from the subsequent electric discharge moved at the same time to a distance of 30 km, and that rays, propagating in all directions, may be within such a column about 300 times bounced and create many sorts of resonance and interference.


The border and the air inside the cylinder will be very intensively ionized and electrically conductive. Part of the radiation of subsequent electric discharge may appear as induced voltage on the cylinder wall and grounded. The same way can develop legendary narrow circles, that would not be able create in vegetation even a child by walking through it. There was also in progress a shock wave in the air, initially much faster than sound speed, gradually slowing down. Shock wave moves faster before the blast wave, and thus, under certain circumstances, one restrike is able to create two circles created thanks to the induction. From multiple dimensions of some circles would be possible some guess how long lasted the reflections inside the air column created by the first major lightning discharge. What distance approximately offended radiated electromagnetic beams inside the column, thanks to repeated reflections.


Width of described narrow rings ranges from 10 to 20 cm, which corresponds to half a thousandth of a second in relation to the speed of sound, during that time light moves 150 km. This is a very approximate estimate. Possible, that within temporarily created column of air may take place the total reflection of electromagnetic rays. Under certain circumstances, some rays would reflect inside column much longer than only during the subsequent electric discharge. Able to move much longer distance and create much more complicated interferences. Total reflection occurs when the beam makes angle sufficiently small (smaller than a limit angle) in relation to the tangent angle of the cylinder shell at the point of contact.


Air column speed against the speed of light is really negligible, 1/106, but thanks to very slow, nonzero and constant, also very uniform expansion of the air column can be formed within that very interesting and complicated resonance and interference structures. More detailed description of this process will be described for instance on the page lightning mechanics (wave interferences inside expanding air column).


Inside the expanding column of the air can happen yet another matter, simulating device from a standard engineering practice, probably after the closest Restrike: a regular equivalent to an explosion (or more like controlled combustion), taking place inside the cylinder of internal combustion or diesel engine. Further details will be placed on another section of the page "lightning mechanics" (similarity of the process inside the cylinder of internal combustion engine). (p)


Metaphorically, possible characterize formation of some crop circle shapes as an analogy of resonances and interference between sound waves and electromagnetic waves (something like natural radio, television, oscilloscope, and photography together)




Drop of water - jump phenomenon, pulse falling from top...

Another possibility of creation periodic crop circle structures is the dissemination of enormous overpressure into the surrounding environment, like rays of liquid after impact of droplet into the water level. Click photo to follow the source.

From the second photograph are shown several impacts of drops in a thin layer of liquid, very interesting is the last. In the case of the lightning strike into the field possible compare to an impact of a huge pulse in a thin layer of liquid. The main difference is that in the case of the lightning discharge is such a phenomenon comparable to a matchbox impact, heavy as a locomotive. ((




Rotating electomagnetic field, oscilloscope

One possibility, that would explain high-precision multi-axis symmetry of some crop circle pictograms is, that consecutive electric discharges (approximately 20-30 milisecond one after  other) appearing in distances only a few meters from one another, are able to create at this point strong rotating electromagnetic field. It can be more than three-phase, there may create various resonance and interference, and may affect other on that place appearing electron beams and thus "paint on the field" many various symmetrical crop circle pictograms. Everything happened in fractions of seconds. (see lightning)


For example, the effect of three consecutive (20ms) pulses in a triangle at a distance of tens of meters from one another over the surface of a cereal field, create for a moment rotating electromagnetic field (although only for a split second, but huge, beyond any ordinary human imagination). Thanks to generated electromagnetic field could very easy operate an electric engine with an output of approximately more Terrawatt. Is possible to derive that such electromagnetic field (also electromagnetic field of every lightning) would affect on plants not only by induction, but also mechanically.


In that while possible to describe plants acting as the electric conductor - current induced, also currents conducted pass through them, thus they appear like electromagnets and electromagnetic fields may act on them by mechanical forces, leaving in them mechanical effects, also damage. In addition to everything described here, at that crop circle point may occur various oscillations - dissonant harmonic, also damped oscillations. Large amount of crop circle pictograms imitate a record of damped oscillations, when the largest circle is followed by a smaller, followed by an even smaller, more and more, often more than ten. Some similar crop circle photos also serve as an example on this page 1, 2, 3, hundreds of other possible observe through Crop Circles webs)


All happenings described here, occurred above some cereal (or corn, poppy, rape and any other crops), may cause there almost no visible effects (initially, in the early days), because they were only so-called "recorded" into regular raster formed by individual plants. Their visible changes or weakness leading to their drop to the ground, that occur after many days, weeks or even longer. (expositionn - described there). The crop circle is recorded, but still absolutely invisible.


Processes, described here, of course, can happen also over any other agricultural site, where are not grown crops, able to bend down after damage, because their anatomical structure prevent them from (that potato, tomato, beetroot). After a longer time interval from the lightning discharge can be observed damage to plants or their complete destruction - dead, usually in a shape of a circle. It is possible to read in a literature about such cases, examples listed in the subpages  sci-re, agriculture. Here as an example, in references much detailed. Farmers know very well that the effect of lightning discharges can be easily mistaken for anything else (plant and animal pests, lack or excess fertilizer, the effects of drought, wet, high or low temperatures, see literature), so rather just for fun leave dilettantish explorers of crop circles continue fumble in their delusions.  (l, p)




Important notice.

Any casual witness, situated at that point exactly at the moment of crop circle pictogram origination, would be never able provide any evidence about that. Possible to convince from the pictures. Would not be interested in something like crop circle pictograms and their creation at all. Would have totally different problems. On the right picture is clearly visible "the signature of main culprit" on the tree. On the left picture, there is also present, but no as such significant and noticeable. More detailed information - warningg




Tests and Experiments

Some experiments were carried out, photographs exist and will be published

Will be performed (sometimes) experiments with impact of a sparks into a powdered material (pigment dispersed, particle size in the order of micrometers, video captured at high speed (420-1000 pic/s), some results later here.


Even though electric sparks, that were used in the test, transfer only very little amount of energy - approx 0.03 Joule, exhibit all parameters of explosions, including shock waves and pressure waves.



Home electronics and laboratory devices growing on a field.

Possible to derive, that concurrent and subsequent lightning discharges, which proceed in a very similar moment at a small distance from one another, and through which are flowing hundreds of thousands amperes, all that create a very strong, huge, electromagnetic fields, (also rotational) around them. All of them are able directly influence with one another, attracting, repel and creating resonances and interferences. Something like TV or oscilloscope vacuum tube. The lightning discharge is similar to an electron beam. "A little" stronger than that in TV - approx 1015. Similarly stronger are electrostatic and electromagnetic fields up to a distance of several meters. Natural oscilloscope, creating crop circle lissajous figures..


It is also possible to imagine that during an impact of electron beam (in the case of consecutive or paralel lightning discharges), that is streaming throughout the very strong rotating electromagnetic field may arise highly symmetrical crop circle pictograms, according to many axes.


In the upper right edge of accompanying crop circle image is possible to recognize paths with classically damaged and bended cereal, following tramlines near the border of the field (more rutted, better holding humidity, higher conductivity, more thoroughly damaged). Very similar effect possible observe in absolute everyy of cereal fields, where appear any RDF, Randomly Downed Formations, commonly damaged cereals. Is everything just a coincidence? Much more photos in lodging (damaging, weakening).  Possible, that may be added together induction and conduction of currents created in tracks.


They are much closer together than anywhere else, more thorough. Pattern could be created similar to originating chladni patterns (picture source: Ground oscillations and behavior of plants (simulating waves on the water surface) may also participate. It could be also a combination of multiple type events.





Electric conductivity of a phase interface

(shock wave - air, plasma - air and more)

Explanation of the presence of one or more highly narrow circles in some crop circle patterns by formation a charge on the interface between the shock wave (or a very rapidly expanding plasma) and a stationary or slowly moving air, and charge transfer (or a substantial part of energy of any subsequent or simultaneous electric discharges) through the medium of this phase interface. At the phase interface of the shock waves propagating through the air and other elements contained in it (dust, humidity, highly ionized particles), there happens to enormous friction, formation of secondary electric charges, and most likely has a very high electrical conductivity. Such a highly narrow circles thus maybe something like momentary record of consecutive lightning discharges, electromagnetic fields, induced currents and currents leaded by conductors of phase interface of air column boundary, momentary present above the crop vegetation. See accompanying crop circle photos.


Nodes and damaged, lying cereals

Very common bended cereal, no regular shapes, are created exactly under the same conditions as described in the crop circles. The plants are damaged under completely the same conditions, mainly by electrolysis and its products, including mechanical damage due to resulting gases, probably (depending on the overall power of the electrical discharge) also from resulting heat damage. On the sub page nodes is possible to observe, that straightening of the stalks, that were not hit by any electricity, and put back only because of mechanical initiative, is likely due to large angle, which had to overcome, able to register mechanical damage of nodes. Not affecting quality of the ripened crops, stalks were skewed by only mechanical stimulus.



Regular crop circle shapes vs irregular, random shapes

Crop circles in the vicinity of which are irregular structures

On the upper field edge of crop circle photo can be observed irregularly damaged cereal, which occurs quite frequently due to lightning discharge into the field. This will happen after several days or weeks Ancona, Itálie, 29. června 2008 , as explained elsewhere on this site, or on detail page chronology, where will be the process of plant tissues degradation following the passage of electrical current also photographically documented in great detail. The photograph here on the left side shows that the electrical current (power) of the lightning discharge passed partly through the upper edge of the field (following tractor tracks there), both around the tramlines perpendicular to the edge, even through the geometric pattern. Regular crop circle shape and irregular damaging, and of course may not be created during a single storm (thanks to a single lightning discharge), but it is possible. That lightning (maybe one sole) only "recorded" that picture, damaging of the cereals appear up to many days later (even weeks, depending on the amount of energy supplied - the intensity of exposure).


At first is bended to the surface only a small part, well below one percent, several square meters, the most affected areas. Gradually, day by day (in some time, hour by hour or even minute by minute) adds another, until finally, just before harvest maybe lying on the ground sometime around 5%, sometimes more than 20% of the total area (sometimes, unfortunately, over 90 %). To clarify and document the phenomenon described in the future will possible to use the Time-lapse cameras, looks like very good work for them. For now just possible satisfy with an explanation of the phenomenon on the page and sub pages chronology. Very similar processes often occur inside the patterns of crop circles, in their vicinity and at a greater distance, and in the surrounding fields. In all places that were affected by lightning discharges electricity. Occurring since the discovery of patterns until harvest.


Also possible that probably a lot more of damaged cereal appear on those fields, where occurred two lightning discharges one near from the second in the interval of several weeks. The second discharge takes place into the field with plants considerably weakened, and is able to cause significantly more damage. It is also possible to imagine that regular crop circle patterns is possible to create much easier on such a field that had to be "prepared" several weeks before. Such cases are obviously much less often than once affected site. Will be expressed statistically.


More comment on the crop circle photo from Ancona: from some observations, it seems that one of the many factors that may participate in the creation of regular geometric patterns on cereal fields, may be the fact that on that place was in action an extremely strong lightning discharge, which occurs only a few during whole storm or even entire season. Therefore possible that exposure to everything there was really due to only one discharge (or a system of several simultaneous consecutive electric discharges, whose total duration rarely exceeds one second). The strongest part caused creation of that regular crop circle pictogram, the weaker, secondary, paralel and subsequent electric discharges caused formation of irregular lodging (damaging, weakening) in the neighborhood. Another (really very probable) possibility is that weaker electric discharges did not occur at all, that common surrounding irregular damaging formed only due to residual currents leading through tractor tracks, possibly by induction in them.


Another option that is possible to considerate during the crop circle creation (described in more details in one of the first published articles) is an alternative that a substantial portion of the lightning discharge, immediately after its forehead touched the ground, substantial part of its energy was leaded deep enough below the surface, without its energy could significantly pass through wet soil and tramlines into surrounding areas. The lightning discharge channel then acts like conductor, through which current passes deep below the Earth's surface, and is by some good current conductor (or several conductors) conducted deep underground. On the ground surface then would be created crop circle shapes that are highly similar to that created by magnetic field lines in iron filings (see photos previously on this page). For example, was observed formation of a a regular crop circle patterns directly above a metal underground tank - serve as a very good current conductor - underground lightning rod. In some crop circle film documentary mentioned.





One possibility, which may contribute to the electric current quickly conducted straight down into underground, could be the presence of slag or metal artifacts, also caused by the activities of some ancient smelter, or the presence of any other relics, mostly from the Iron Age or Bronze Age. Thanks to imperfections of used smelting methods, the slag contains up to several tens of percent pure metal highly finely dispersed. The conductivity of such a place may exceed more than a million times ordinary soil conductivity. The fact that in some places regularly frequented by highly revelation of crop circles, there are in the underground ancient settlements, relatively easy to localize from aerial photographs using the methods of aerial archeology, is quite provable fact. One of the most typical such place is ... (pic1) (pic2) but surely it would be possible to find many more. Some tombs are with metal really heavily loaded.


Also possible other archaeological periods and ages (gold, silver, copper, stannum, brass, cobalt, lead, zinc, tungsten or uranium age).


Larger quantities of metals placed underground also located in areas, where shot down aircrafts crashed.


More informations on the page archeology




Crop circles- regular shapes combined with irregular (2)

Crop circle picture dated 1996, from great Lucy Pringle archive. If there were not crop  (Somerton, Somerset 27th Jul 1996) circles on that  photo, looks like quite normal, common, typical damage due to the electricity from lightning. One of the most typical effect is that damage follows accurately the direction of tramlines. There flows most of electric energy before entering underground. Mostly noticeable is damage near the boundary of the field. Tramlines near the border, machines are turning there, best conductivity, crop is more damaged near tramlines round the boundary then elsewhere.


Crop circle photo from unknown source, locality Denton, Garsington. Source identified later as Oxfordshire Centre for crop circle Studies, taken 3th of July 1996. Besides crop circles there is possible to distinguish three undeniable lightning rods - electric line pylons. May appear as critical reason, that caused lightning become near from that. Below the crop circles - typical, irregular damaging caused by the electricity from lightning. There would operate some paralel lightning discharhes or restrikes, or any induction or conduction. Paralel lightning discharhes and restrikes may affect each other. Lightning discharges are something like electron beams, and there are in progress extremely high electrostatic and electronagnetic fields, able to change direction of such beams like TV or oscilloscope vacuum tube. Direction of spark discharge, like arc discharge, also possible change by air flow (wind, shock wave, blast wave). Rakov, Uman - Lightning: Physics and effects, chapter 8 "Winter lightning in Japan" p. 313: "Interestingly, Ishii et al. (1998) observed that subsequent strokes in multiple-stroke positive flashes in winter storms in Japan always create a new termination on ground." Something like that may appear not only in winter and not only in Japan.


On recordings and photos of artificialy initiated lightnings possible observe, that lightning channel moves in direction of wind. Possible, that before some restrike may the channel of lightning, move tens or hundreds of meters. (lightning, physics) (ph)




Electric currents vs plants, tissues and cells

(much more informations in menu menu EPP and continue)

Plants, hit by electric current (maybe near under lethal dose), several days look like absolutely nothing happened. Even if totally dead, or contain great amount of dead cells and damaged tissues. No visible and mechanical changes. At first, after several days, possible distinguish height differences, dead plants do not grow. Later green color turn into yelow, brown, and plants start dry up. That process lasts several weeks. Only plants, that were affected by such a quantities öf electrical, partly maybe thermal energy, that is many more than 100 times of lethal quantity, may immediately appear yelow, brown, carbonized, but in case of cereal became only several individuals from millions.

( Argentina - sunflowers )


More informations about dead plants will be placed on the page numero uno, EPP &





Cereals, that were not damaged by the electricity

Highly possible, that crop in fields, where did not appear any lightning during whole vegetation period, never exhibit any marks of damage.

((sometimes, after very intensive lightning, may slightly damaged cereal appear also in the next year ghosts)


There was not any lightning on that field (2010) Benatecka Vrutice

not any stalk damaged and bended until harvesting

Left - 26th Jul, right 17th July 2010




Lightning discharge energy - in brief

For example, one average lightning discharge transfers such a great quantity of energy, that would be able to harvest the whole field (many hectares), mill a flour from that grain, bake a bread and distribute it round the whole country. Also postharvest works capable. The crop during its bending to the ground moves several hundreds kg of material into a distance not more than one meter. All of that described material has a lot of own potential energy. More about energy of lightning, measured values lightning



Local conditions. Two lightning discharges in identical place.

(long time separation interval - several weeks)

Forming of regular crop circlr pictograms may highly depend on local conditions. Britain - possible more often happens on chalk. Also archeologic relics may take effect. Also possible, that some regular crop circlr pictograms may appear on that place, where appeared two lightning discharges on that some place, the second several weeks later. That is really rare case. The second discharge is in progress on a place with noticeable weakened crop. Statistic - will be placed here.


In rare case of extremely strong lightning discharges possible, that regular crop circle pictogram may appear immediately after that, or within several hours. Strong discharge has also strong mechanical forces and effects, like hundreds kilograms of explosive material above the field with cereal, only several meters. Possible that some regular pictograms may appear thanks to that there was no wind, neither rain. That is the case of the bolt from the blue.



Ground surface oscillations

Another possible cause of forming regular crop circle pictograms is, that their creation (or shape) would be in some way involved by shaking of the earth's surface at the point of origin. The surface of the Earth, placed at the moment of of the lightning discharge and exposured to its mechanical effects (pressure waves and shock waves) behaves like a flexible membrane, but enormous. Covering an area of several square kilometers. Self resonant frequency of such membrane lies between the values of a few hertz to few tenths of hertz. They can thus create not only simple crop circles, but various analogies or equivalent of chladni patterns.




Main culprit, crop circle creator still successfully escapes

Not a unique phenomenon, while probably that one that even most possible (thanks to that the true and one sole real culprit managed to escape attention for so horrible long time), is the fact that affected cereals exhibit a real marks of damage many days, after the real cause has carried out his work, even many weeks or some months after the thunderstorm and lightning, the only right authors. During crop circle visualisation, long time later, may probably very often assist such an innocent event, as the morning mist, see domino and butterfly. At that time is hardly possible connect in mind the pictogram creation to an event that took place several weeks ago. Very often bending of the stalks (pictogram or irregular shape appearing) becomes during beatiful weather, after a long time of gradual stalks weakening. Often possible find many other phytopathological factors. Quite clearly all of them resulting like secondary effects, long time after damage by lightning electricity. Viruses, molds, fungi, plant and animal pests. Never would operate without primary damage of the plants by electricity.


Without weakening by electricity would plants playfully resist to all listed pests. After a lightning discharge into the cereal fields also significantly appear ripening non-uniformity, depending on the intensity of damage. Without weakening by electric current would be no crop circle ever discovered. Mostly depends on the distance from strike point, less, but also relatively significantly on the distance from tractor tracks. Any plant, that was exposed to effect of certain amount of electric energy, higher than negligible, but not deadly (see EPP), ripens clearly slower. So far examined mainly by visual observation (qualified guess), will be verified qualitatively and quantitatively in laboratory. Determination of energy levels and their influence on the vitality of plants. (Approximate measurements taken - EPP)


Slightly affected plants may not exhibit a significant, visual damage, but they can be attacked by pests, or just ripen slower. (Ostra).



Very logical reason, why the main culprit of crop circle creation so reliably managed to escape any possible discovery and attention yet, is quite understandable: this "author of everything" is exactly at the time, when he was "painting" on a field (creating crop circle picture), able to manage absolutely reliably and ruthlessly chased away any potential observer of his creative activities from the place of his work, as far away as possible, if not killed them.




Tramlines and underground structures near crop circles

Lizzano, frazione Celletta (Cesena - Forli), 12 Giugno 2008:

Click photo to follow source page. Possible to find "a forest of lightning rods" on that locality. Without a regular pattern, it is a very accurate picture of location, where the lightning discharge into a cereal field occured. Even the field on the right side of the photo, without any crop circle pictogram, is affected by electricity and damaging caused by that much more remarkable, there is also affected crop along the tractor tracks, running through the field (in the picture horizontally), and on the field with crop circle pictogram there is affected mainly cereal around the tracks near the field border, where tractors turns. Often differential gear locked. More humidity, better conduction. It is also possible that approximately in places that are determined by geometric center of the crop circle shapes, are located water supply pipes or drains in the underground. This can also include any other lines - electricity, gas, digital communications. Something similar may also relate to other crop circle pictograms, which appear near some long track. Other examples following. Many longer crop circle pictograms often follow tramlines, because good conductors. No people intervention or work.


The electricity may be distributed around the field mainly by means of tractor tracks. They are characterized by much higher conductivity against the rest of the soil surface of the whole cereal field. Some lines, quite random, may be branched, straight, or forked close from the impact point of the lightning pulse forehead. Electric current is moving described way, near from periodic shapes in cereal on the ground, not only in tracks of tractor and their immediate vicinity, before starting to continue under the ground. The passage of electrical currents inside plant body, cells, tissues and thus damaging them may also cause uneven ripening of cereals. Uneven growing and ripening is a phenomenon, that is arised because conditions there are very similar to transplanting of plants.



The situation described here is responsible to this theoretical presumption: if a regular crop circle pictogram is created, possible that great deal of the lightning discharge energy was lead much faster perpendicular to the deep underground, in contrast to the case of ordinary, much more common lightning into the field - significant part of the lightning discharge energy, long time before it is completely led underground, is led over and across the field surface like on the carousel, committing mischief. Therefore is possible that both parts could be affected approximately equally. On the left was a considerable part of energy consumed to create shapes, and then immediately conducted quickly into the ground. On the right was significant part of the lightning discharge energy much more led across the field surface mostly the tramlines and done so on the more remote locations more damage.


(such presumption is mentioned several times elsewhere in this site and will be explained on a special page)ecial page)




Wire fence near crop circle

Another photo that relatively reliably supports the theory of crop circles formed by the lightning discharges, that is possible consider almost as an evidence, is possible find again in the large archive of Lucy Pringle, and not only there. From the comment on this picture indicates that on the border between the field with cereals, containing

(Martinsell Hill, 19th Jul 2009)

the pictogram and the pasture with grass, where the pictogram does not continue, is situated a wire fence.  Wire fence acts as a grounding. Grounding acts as an impassable barrier to the electromagnetic radiation - the main cause of pictogram creation - immediately from the lightning strike point (center of the figure) quite uniformly and symmetrically in all directions moving electromagnetic explosion (huge, light velocity). Electromagnetic radiation in the air is not slowed in any way, nor limited neither stopped. In contrast to the shock waves and pressure waves. Wire fence, that acts as a grounding, is really such an impassable barrier for the electromagnetic radiation. The vegetation behind the fence (a grass pasture), although of significantly different character to the crop - weaker constitution - energy would be acting on it in really similar way, this would not have to happen entirely just exactly at the same time. 
Because the damaging energy was almost completely eliminated through described grounding, behind the wire fencing, the damage of the plants does not continue..

(extraterrestrial stamp imprint did not hit the pasture

and cows, goats and sheeps may continue baa)


(To be or not to be...) That is the question: Actually, is it really possible for everyone UFOlogist and other "experts" on the extraterrestrial civilizations and their capabilities, operations and interventions on whole globe, whole solar system and whole outer space, able to imagine that pitiful, peanut, stateless and those shy aliens, whose technology is many thousands of years (rather millions or billions) more advanced than terrestrial, so that they really were so"(mo)mentally defective" that would not be able to design crop circles pattern round some 50 meters further away from the fence, so that their entire crop circle image fit all on that "canvas", which they selected?


Wire fence may acts as a as a ground connection, also as a lightning rod, thus behaves exactly as grounded shield grid of a vacuum tube - that is why no electric energy, no electrons passed through it. Neither electromagnetic radiation, nor electrons are able pass through it - no pasaran. Behaves towards them as completely impenetrable wall.


Elsewhere on the Internet is reported, that the grass in the pasture has a mechanical properties fully comparable with the grain behind the fence, and it is therefore strange that the pattern does not continue behind the fence.


Lightning Rods in fields near crop circles

As a very good lightning conductors works very often on the fields and their vicinity placed manure, also nearby trees and shrubs.


Absolutely indisputable lightning conductors are then telegraph or electricity lines pylons, those possible find often in very close proximity to hundreds of crop circles. Really in many times pylons even appear as unseparable part of some crop circles. Ancona, Italy, 10th Jul 2007 - two crossing lines traversing just inside the crop circle pictogram, estimated. 40 and 110 thousand volts, Extra High Voltage (around 400 000 V) line nearby.


Other, but these can not be so easily determined, are stored underground. There are various sewerages, water pipes, drainages and other underground services. On some images, however, can at least be estimated. Left picture - Lucy Pringle (Horton - Nr Devizes, Wiltshire 3rd Jul 2005).  The right side pic -, (the snap was taken some days before like others here, may be estimated at least 14 days. On the left crop circle picture possible to localize one very common, distinctive lightning rod - power line pylon, whose neighborhood is not at all a part of geometric shapes, making it lying completely outside any area of interest of any ordinary Crop Circles observer. From the pylon, diagonally left upward (perpendicular to the road), there is a stripe of yellow wheat, around half to three-quarters the height of surrounding wheat. Yelow wheat is dead, that was either killed immediately during lightning discharge to the mast, or later, due to chemicals resulting in plants and soil (mainly due to electrolysis during the discharge) over the next few minutes or hours, as well as days. The discharge of electricity continued under ground from the the pylon towards the road, in the direction of the utility lines present there underground. Need not be any utility lines, may be just a trench or excavation covered, which holds more moisture than the surrounding terrain, but the cable grounding is likely to be there. A similar stripe runs from the left crop circle to the road. In this case may not be located anything underground, it can only go on rutted access road used for sowing, affected due to higher conductivity. On the right crop circle picture does not appear any yellow crop, possible to observe only a little height differencies. From that observing estimated of minimum 14 days time difference between snaps.





Cereals commonly damaged

Randomly Downed Formations - RDF

The previous text had already been repeatedly suggested that lightning discharge are primarily responsible not only for all Genuine, regular, even if very complex crop circle shapes, but other than that and for everything else, usually irregularly damaged cereals on all fields of in the world Literature and websites dealing with crop circles, sometimes named irregularly damaged crop by abbreviation RDF (Randomly Downed Formations, irregularly lodged (damaged, weakened) shapes). Really classic example (like from a textbook) can be found in one publication dealing with the issue:: Crop Circles - Exploring the Designs and Mysteries, Werner Anderhub, Hans-Peter Roth, Lark Books, 2002, ISBN 1579902979. Page 111, photography with description: "Classic wind damage in grain".  One of the most frequent error, really monstrous, in any almost dilletantish crop circles research until today, is a statement, that such a damage of healthy cereals, (undamaged by electricity yet) may be caused by alone wind in absolutely not any way. Physical characteristics - flexibility, strength - of a healthy crop will never allow something like that until harvesting - can be observed even if the wind well over 100km / h, immediately after its ending is not bended to the ground even one stalk. On the photo shown there is absolutely typical crop damage after lightning strike. Information is truly shocking, unbelievable, incomprehensible and will certainly take "a little" time before anybody can identify with that. Almost never such damage appear immediately after thunderstorm, mostly up to after weeks.


Here it is possible reproduce the classical idea one of the world's greatest genius of all times, so called Jerry Cimrman's postulate: "We can fight against it, we can protest against it, we can disagree with that, but that's about all, that is with it, or against it possible do."


Repeat, certainly not for the last time:

The vast majority of such a damaged areas, occurs many days after the thunderstorm and lightnings, very often during beautiful weather, when nobody able to derive the lightning as the main cause, because immediately after, also many days after the thunderstorm all the fields and plants looked like absolutely intact. This applies to both crop circles and quite irregular shapes.


By the way, if the authors were able to determine location and time of the picture, they may ask by themselves at the hydrometeorology institute or companies dealing with lightning data. Probably it would be possible to localize more than one lightning hit in photographed field (with an interval of at least several days, but rather several weeks), at any time between the time of the germination and the moment the picture was taken.


Healthy standing cereals near the tractor tracks

On the photo from the book, also in many photographs documenting damage or regular crop circle patterns in the grain, where cereals is simultaneously occurring "commonly" eg wheat inclined towards the ground, also in photos documenting irregular damage, is very interesting that even if almost the entire field (about 80%) is damaged and bent, in the immediate vicinity of tramlines the wheat or barley or other cereals are standing upright. This is a very common phenomenon in all damaged cereals. The frequency of its occurrence is so high that it is almost impossible to be only a coincidence. Although is possible, that a relevant part of damaging current was lead to the plants through described tracks, plants closest to them, and thus should be the most damaged, are almost never bended. The bending starts at least 20-30 cm from the tramlines. This suggests, that plants closest to tracks (not occupied by plants), have available a bigger amount of soil with a lower concentration of poisonous substances secreted by roots of neighboring plants. Poisonous and harmful substances originated in them, they are trying transfer to roots and out of them, so near the tracks can be the harmful pollutants considerably more diluted and plants have a greater chance to heal. They are not exposed to such a high concentrations.


Very typical examples will be for instance at the page Kounice, but possible to be found on almost every pictogram of cereals picture, which in addition to the regular shape also includes irregularly damaged and bended crop. Almost always at least 30 cm from the track, sometime up to a meter far away. Sometimes, the mostly damaged crop is not, at least initially, nowhere else than in the greatest distance from the track, exactly halfway between them, where is probably the largest concentration of harmful substances, and plant can get rid them the worst. Also possible better electric conduction there, thanks to double crossing over of seeding machine nozzles at that point, the line is double-sown.


Much more detailed explanation of this phenomenon will be located at Lines.


One of possible reasons for lodging (damaging, weakening) is indicated higher fertilising, especially by the nitrogen. In this case, would be the most manured plants closest to the tracks, and were damaged and bended the most often, but in fact it is exactly the opposite. The overdose (increased content of soluble salts in the soil) would be the main cause of increased frequency of discharges in such places. Piles of manure are attracting lightning in an admirable way. Thus, if in the vicinity of crop just become damaged, it is not in any case because of local higher fertilising, but simply because that there appeared a lightning. Logically, would have be the most damaged plants closest to the pile (sometimes a really great) of manure, but that happens almost never.




Common cereal damage on crop circle photos

(Archive L.P., again) On the photo is in addition to the crop circle possible very well observe crop damage in the middle of between the tractor tracks. Of course, this phenomenon can be found not only in the crop circle photographs, but almost on any photo with damaged and on the surface lying cereals. Next very interesting fact is that the most often (or the most earlier) is lodged (damaged, weakened) crop appearing near the center of a quarter bend near the edges of the field, regularly turned by tractor wheels. In the corners thereare  the tracks more rutted. Integral power supplied from the circumference of a circle to its own center originates much higher total sum than a line integral to an equally distant point (the power supplied in the plane of the earth's surface decreases with the square of the distance from the point, that is in the case of a circle constant, so is not decreasing. This is a rough estimate, more details about the issue of current conducting plants and soil will be explained on the LRC website). In addition, the tracks of tractor near the borders on the fields are ran over by tractor once again during the returning from the field. Better conduction of the electricity therefore available. More info in the page tramlines. Thumbnails possible enlarge by hovering mouse over.


Tractor tracks are certainly much more electric conductive against their surroundings (may also work as lightning rods), the moisture in them collects and holds the best and the longest. Tramlines near the border of the field have even provable better conductivity than anywhere else, thanks to that they are crossed over by tractors multiple times, and there appear track bends near that and tractors often turn round there with the differential gear locked. Other very significant lightning rods are piles of manure very often occurring in the fields.




Photograph from Wylatowo created by Polish enthusiasts

Here are shown some typical examples of normal, irregular crop damage formed by lightning in combination with crop circle geometric patterns, photographed by friends observers from the Polish town Wylatowo: (link 2002), (link pictograms)

In all cases, without geometric crop circle shapes there is quite typical damage of cereal caused by the electricity from the lightning discharge.




Argentina 2010, "crop circle" in sunflowers

Right at the beginning of the year 2010 was possible a short visit in Argentina

(dated 15th of March 2010, photo from )


carbonized and burnt sunflowers (in circle) is almost impossible to explain in a different way than lightning... (or maybe really that UFO?)


The description of plants state looks almost identically as in the textbook for agricultural school, describing the consequence of lightning into the sunflower field.


If anybody walks through a forest and find some charred trees, than may deduce: "This is possible by a lightning discharge here." When going around a field, observing charred sunflower, what about to think? That aliens hovered above the field in a microwave, rotating in a circle, from the ionosphere was descending vortex supported and created by human and extraterrestrial minds and all-pervasive cosmic intelligence, some other UFO's and flying saucers bombarded the field with the lasers and everything was completed by the action of electrical current that was springing from a place between underground water sources and mist on the British moor? (or is that all a typical British humour?)...It was just a small example of how far some "experts" of the Crop Circles phenomenon occasionally resorted in their considerations. They are clearly unhappy from absurdity and incomprehensibility of the whole phenomena. After all it is absolutely impossible to create such an incredibly complex fractals, which are still in inanimate nature and without intelligence can not not be created, it is quite impossible. But it is possible, even very simple!


There could work sometimes just one single hit of lightning, possible accompanied by several parallel and subsequent electric discharges, also may appear some resonances and interferences between all that. Very often they they are in progress following underground lines, and just above them was cause of creating lines. In that case the cereal may not only be only damaged, but completely dead. This idea was already mentioned on this page here, another, much more illustrative cases possible find on the page lines.


All happened within a few ten thousandths of a second. This is the net time, a period during which ran an electric current; electric discharges take place between successive pauses, lasting hundreds of milliseconds. The system of the main electrical discharge and several consecutive flashes can take place in time around one second, rarely longer. After its immediate ending might be in the cereal fields noticeable absolutely nothing. At the beginning (during the electric discharge and immediately after) mostly have taken place processes of physics, mechanics, electromechanics, and electrochemistry. After that occurred a long period of rest during which was happening seemingly nothing, and slowly entered a scene nature processes of biology, phytopathology, biomechanics, biophysics, chemistry and other pure natural processes ("Migration of Nations").


What follows may be partly influenced by the weather. Very significant is the fact, that every available next described events, which occur after discharge, will take place even under the most appropriate weather conditions, what possible to imagine for crop growing and ripening.


During tens of days, as well as weeks or months, is progressing gradual weakening of the plants. The process is extremely slow due to enormous inertia of biological processes in plants. Tissues and parts of damaged plants are dying, others become weak. One day, the overall weakening of plants exceeds acceptable level. During the night falls the London Fog (butterfly). Plants grows heavy and the weakest stalks slowly begin bending to the ground (see domino). Within several seconds to minutes is a carefully created design falling to the ground like a house of cards. Similar process is probably possible use to explain in some crop circles frequently occurring bundles of stalks, several times regularly folded one over other. In this case, they were likely gradually stacking over themselves, everything did not fall at once. Creation of similar effect is by human forces, using primitive tools (and brains) absolutely impossible. Needless to say, that indistinguishable structures may be found in completely irregularly flattened cereals. (p)


The fact, that the process of bending to the ground - lodging, flattening (bending), during that is the crop circle visualised, may become much faster than the whole weakening process has been prepared, and up to very long after it was in fact caused and initiated. So that laity and "professional" public deduces somewhat hasty and confused conclusions.



The Migration Period

So called process through that in the body of whole plant (stems, leaves, roots, wheat ear, and in the case of cereals) the influence of electrolysis creates, possibly also due to thermal processes, a number of harmful compounds. After some time herb plants begins move them down to the roots, and excrete them into the soil. In the opposite direction then proceed substances commonly involved in metabolism of plants prosperous and useful.



By dividing plant (aboveground part), for example, in ten parts of equal length. In condition, that each of them needs to get rid of harmful substances, that were created inside, "move one floor below", a constant time - for example one day. Topmost part (tenth) of the plant - eg. wheat ear or part where they will be formed, during one day get rid of such negative substances, all the other parts below it but must endure passage through of toxins from all parts above them. Such comparison (certainly very simplified, but for purposes of explanation of zonal weakening sufficient) shows that the lowest tenth of the plants is exposed to unfavorable compounds ten times longer than the uppermost part, and ten times greater quantity than it itself has created, so is exposed to an estimated one hundred times higher effects of unfavorable chemicals. Therefore, the lower part is the most weakened, also mechanically (possible to try by hand). The lower part sacrifices itself for successful "education of offspring". Great number of weakened plants are really successful in that, because immediately after bending towards the ground the plant starts bend internodes back using nodes, and the vast majority of them really succeed, even if only partially, so that they can be successfully harvested.


Timing of events described in this paragraph is just an example, not experimentally proven facts. It is only an approximation of probable course of some processes, which would be verified experimentally, and in some cases may be significantly different from the procedure described (extremely strong discharges). (2008)


The timing described here is really possible consider as an educated guess, verified by several years of documented observing, hundreds places with verified lightning discharge hits into the surface of cereal fields. (2011) Also hundreds of verified experiments of acting electric currents on plant tissues.




Possible verify many crop circles retrospectively

Crop circle enigma definitively decrypted...

Only NATURAL forming principles, mechanical - electromechanical - electrochemical - biochemical - biophysical - biomechanical - phytopathological, simple calculable and predictable. Even, (!!!!!) in most cases maybe from 1980, if not, from 1990, in some countries, for a certainty backwards verifiable for any crop circle GPS locality. Possible ask meteorologists, or Siemens-Vaisala, ALDIS, CELDN, EUCLID, NORDLIS. The Lightning discharge mostly happens many weeks before Crop Circles appear.





Randomly damaged shapes in Italy...

In some countries, for instance Italy (links down the page) became unwritten rule. If not many crop circles appear some year, the more photographs of irregularly damaged crop are made. Researchers in Italy maybe the first and know the best, that RDF and regular shapes are creation of the same reason. Also many of their photos are typical combination of such Crop Circles regular shapes and and irregular shapes. One such crop circle picture used in previous text, here and next here. For instance in Italy much more often, that Crop Circles appear in combination with RDF, maybe depending on local conditions. Explained here.


RDF , originally Randomly Downed Formations ( Randomly Downed Formations ), will be renamed forever to Randomly Damaged Formations, (Randomly Damaged Formations)for better translation



Many thanks

for several links to pages with the most typical photographs,

that were extremely useful in this research -

marked as "e crop irregolari" - irregular ; many photos possible to enlage by rihgt click + "view picture";


Also there are many typical lightning rods in cereal fields in italian photographs.

Click to follow link


Similar photos - thousands available, many of them from places with verified lightning hit, link will sometimes appear here.





There are many cases in Italy, where appear many more irregular shapes in combination with crop circles and other similar periodic shapes. Possible, that in Italy there is not such a great interest about crop circles as in Britain. Maybe that some of them are photographed long time after appearing, if ever. May depend on local conditions. Also in Britain, for instance on chronologypage, possible to see (16.07.2007, Hailey Wood, Ashbury, Wheat), there become added irregular shapes during longer time periods, just inside the periodic shape, as well as outside of it. Many of that irregular parts behaves just under the rule of damaging and weakening after the lightning discharge, furthermost from tramlines, just between them. Possible depends on propagation of electricity through tramlines and from that over surface and near underground. More information - Lightning electricity in soil.




More acknowledgments

directed to the pages, namely subpage Lissone (Mi): This location will be used on page forecast, given the likely structure of electricity power lines located there (two power lines), passing around the field (rectangular winding that encircles the angle more 200 degrees). Some lightning must appear there some next year. No rings, but sometime in the future there will certainly some damaged crop occasionally appear. For more details, see the designated page forecast. On the locality, although there occur some construction changes (able to visit Google Maps), but perhaps something will be left over from the field.




Messages enciphered in crop circles by their Great Maker 

Crop circles - code unlocked. Once forever.

Fascinating, fully sufficient, the first really science, quite new theory.

Amazing secret crop circle codes deciphered. Once and for ever, every of them.


Whole meaning of their delivery of opinion to mankind was, is and will be forever only ones - absolutely nothing.


Possible with only the one exception - their sole real  great maker wanted to deliver a message to whole Mankind:

"Never try to visit crop fields just exactly during the time, when I am painting the pictograms. Possible, that someone of you would exactly at the same moment, for the first time, also for the last second of his life, by his own eyeballs, really notice, and see, and understand, the principle how I create it. "


Some, mostly mechanical consequences of his activity will be possible observe here.


All mathematical - technical - geometric - mechanical - physical - astronomical - astrological - Universe principles, that have been presented to mankind thanks to their "decoding", is therefore possible without any hesitation describe as absolute stupidities. They have about the same meaning, as an attempt to decode some images from the kaleidoscope. Also, never repeat, but surely within them would be able to find very many mostly very exact mathematical, but also many other regulations.


For example, that the circumference of a regular hexagon is relatively accurately equal to  six times the length of its side, while the circumference of the octagon even eight times...


By the way, inside every crop circle is relatively precise inscribed numerical value of the number Π (pi). Really, the circumference of any crop circles, that were discovered in the world anytime, developed into a straight line, has a length corresponding to 3.1415..... times its diameter... 



If interested, contact



Crop circles solved definitively...

Only real natural forming principles, simple calculable and predictable.

Also (!!!!!) many years back verifiable backwards.

(ask meteorologists or Siemens - Vaisala )




The Timeline


13th of February 2008 - brand new, very comprehensive - interdisciplinary research & investigation about crop lodging (damaging, weakening) and other plant damages due to electricity started


13th of February 2009 - 1st research results published on a web site,

accurately one year from the research beginning - )

(only a very short reference)


13th of August 2009 - from that date some other interesting informations published here, one by one, day by day, (month by month?), on Published only on internet, no other publicity, no book, no paper, no newspaper, media.


Some other interesting entry informations hers and here

Basic, also detailed information about crop lodging (damaging, weakening) here (soon) and here (soon)


Shocking revelation! CropCircleGatee...

see some notes at the end of this page


13th of August 2010 The latest date from that mankind

know and understand, how crop circles are made. (agroglyphes, pictograms)

From that time possible to see pages note for commandant and warning,

and many more informations down this page and others.


end of timeline



Many thanks:

Peeters von Petrackov, (numero uno),

Peter Lighter from Dywidag Prefa a. s., (number 2),

Pepe from Linde + Wiemann Cz, s.r.o.

Goulash, Spejbl, Kiosker, Kelcak, Pid,

Jimmy - Sticker, Lubos Hanousek,

Bobes Janik,

and many others.


Also many thanks to Mr. Vaclav Bosina , local agriculturist.


Many thanks to Italian friends, too. and

Roma locuta, causa finita: Rome spoke, the case is terminated




Last, but not least

The very end, just for interest. During the lightning discharges is in the lightning channel (approx. width of 5 -10 mm) volume concentration of the energy (energy radiated by a certain volume of space per time unit) comparable with the process that takes place over supernova explosion (!!!)...


At least during the steepest part of the electric current curve pulse leading edge.


Mother nature

It is possible that mother nature tries to show off, done through patterns in the corn, what happens in areas, that would nobody visit ever, perhaps only in fantasy of sci - fi short stories, novels or films. Surface, the interior and cover of supernova, during the explosion, before and after. The surface black hole, space below it, space above and below the event horizon. What happens between the event horizon and the black hole surface. Happens to occur on the surface of stars, over it and below that, also near the stellar core, and inside of it. Processes, that occur in the immediate vicinity and inside nuclear or thermonuclear explosive device during moments just before, during and after the explosion. The same also in very close vicinity of any conventional explosion and inside its cartrige. Processes, that occur during collisions of planets, stars, black holes. Processes, that are working during creation, change or abolition of chemical bond. Processes and forces, that occur in the immediate vicinity of the atomic nucleus during its decay or during various nuclear reactions. Processes and forces, that occur during interaction and reaction or annihilation of two particles and anti-particles. Processes and forces, during which a mass is converted into energy or vice versa. Geometry and symmetry, time courses, forces and energetic changes of all named processes. Processes that took place during, before and just after the Big Bang in the state of matter and energy that had been situated there.


One more place

One more place is nature probably trying to show, with the help of crop circle patterns, to whole amazed mankind, which will not long in the future, anybody be able to look there, or in its immediate vicinity will be anything observe, investigate and to measure: The point, where the lightning electricity discharge hit the ground, the path, that it was passing through, and everything happening there starting from the Preliminary Breakdown, Stepped or Dart Leader, until the Long Continuing Current after the last Return Stroke. The explosive expansion of air, plasma, mechanical and electrostatic and electromagnetic resonances and interferences effects running there. Transfer and radiation, of several megawatt-hours of electrical energy, sometime even much more, between places few miles distant, in the course less than ten millionths of a second.


crop circles - enigma solved.

Once and for all.

Unbelievably primitive, and one might say, ridiculous explanation. Lovers of the UFO, mystery, parapsychology, flying saucers, unknown and nonexistent energy and similar nonsense can have transport themselves to infinity. In other words, they may kiss their stinking ass and go to the hell.

Almost the same possible say about extraterrestrials.



If interested, contact





This page was prepared, and all the facts and theories presented here were very thoroughly, closely and in detail experimentally examined by


Jan Ledecky