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More detailed information on electronic and photographic tracking positions and measuring the intensity of lightning will be placed here later, so far here is a particular explanation of similarities crop lodging (damaging, weakening) and photographic process
Lightning Photo is a record of the light of the discharges.
Crop circle is a record of the physical effects of lightning discharges - natural photo.
Crop circles are something like "Nature Photography".
Photographic emulsion is a system of corn stalks (recording material with a granularitu up to several thousand pixels per square meter). Exposure takes place in a split second, probably partly due to induction, partly by direct current conduction, and is stored in plant tissues at first only as products of electrolysis, and the consequent their partial damage. As a developer operate Nature processes - first electrochemistry, followed by chemistry, biochemistry, biology, tissue weakening, phytopathology. The process of developing takes on average several weeks and is very gradual - first are bending stalks nearest to the point of hit, and day after day can be added others. In some plant species is often possible to detect observable changes in a few days or weeks before lodging (damaging, weakening) (typical in this respect eg barley).
The process of lodging (damaging, weakening), in some phases or completely resemble the process of wilting when the plants are exposed to various stress conditions, such as most lack of humidity. Behaviour of plant in adverse growth conditions (lack of humidity, lack of or inadequate nutrient composition, pH, high temperature) is treated in detail for example in Handbook of plant and crop stress, , CRC 2010. Plant exposure to similar stress conditions may emulate and verifiy these processes. It is possible to verify the behavior of plants after the passage of a certain amount of electrical energy through plants or their parts - not damaging, sublethal, lethal, over lethal and highly over lethal dose. It will be processed on other pages. As an example it could be noted for example that after the passage of very highly overlethal doses of electricity through or near any plant part is quite often possible to see that such part is burned ;-)
From other experiments is possible to determine that after passing highly overlethal doses through parts of plants that have no direct importance for photosynthesis and reproduction, in case of Poaceous for example parts of the stalk, even if throughout whole its diameter, may cells in such affected parts of plants completely die. But such a part of the plant is still able to continue fully perform the function of vascular tissue, and the plant may almost without negative effects complete growing period.
Gradual (long time) lodging (damaging, weakening) may be observed especially in the case of irregular lodging (damaging, weakening). In the case of periodic patterns may sometimes lodging (damaging, weakening) occur much faster, partly because in some cases maybe probably involved much much more intensive discharge against normal average, further on them may be involved Butterfly Effect (see), Domino Effect (see) and the Two Discharges Effect (see).
Lightning discharge is a relatively complex physical process.
It consists of a number of successive phases, their total length rarely exceeds one second. The time of its greatest energy part, Return Stroke, during which radiate more than 99% of whole discharge energy, is about 10 microseconds, not more than a few dozen. Its various physical effects is possible record in different ways, mostly as an electromagnetic field. While relatively brief, but for the purposes of research carried out here sufficient analysis and description of each phase is included in the menu and submenu Lightning, with info about resources. (It will be significantly expanded)
Measuring and studying the properties of Lightning discharges involved in various research institutions around the world. Often it is the work associated with the production of power energy, because their workers have their issues of interest to it just from a mere principle. First, of course, be interested in how produces electricity their competition. Another equally significant factor is the interaction between power electricity distribution systems and Lightning discharges, which are two types: direct hit and induced currents. More detailed informations will be placed again in the menu and submenu Lightning.
Just as a matter of interest: some plants and their parts can be hit and damaged only by the inductions of electric energy in their bodies (conductor) after the discharge of lightning. Current induction after the Lightning Discharge in conductors deal relatively detailed Electrical Standards, EN 62305, but they serve to protect and security of electrical lines and electrical equipment from lightning current, direct or induced. Anyway, the plant is also wire, it applies to the same laws of physics and the amount of energy thatmay be induced inside, may be enough for its future damage. Of course the plant is grounded conductor.
To submit evidence that crop circles are formed after the lightning discharge, is necessary to monitor many phenomena and effects the lightning discharge accompanying and following. But it is very likely that really very great amount of evidence provided so far quite unwittingly, mystery explorers of this phenomenon themselves, without in the least realize it.
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This page was prepared, and all the facts and theories presented here were very thoroughly, closely and in detail experimentally examined by