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lightning discharge
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(crop circle disinformation)
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Crop circles (short version here, another version here)

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Even if any message down this page(s) would look like to be absolutely sure, there should be placed an introductory sentence before that

Is possible, that...

Possibly would be proved, that...

Presumably possible...

Some (many) observations (experiments) may imply, that...

Absolutely sure being right maybe only stupid, silly, pinhead, bighead or bigmouth.

(so, which one of them, damned?)


Estimated square area

From one half to one and half a million sq. kilometers of lodged (damaged, weakened) crop yearly. Crop circles are only a millionth or less peace of it (or of a shit), only a peanut. Yet, even though it does not appear so, the principle of their formation and the underlying causes completely agree with any commonly irregularly lodged (damaged, weakened) crop areas anywhere in the world. The way of crop circle forming may depend very much on local conditions (Britain), also possible that some crop circles appear only due to lightning discharge has occured two times on that same place, the second maybe more weeks later. Thus falls into already significantly weakened structure of plants. In some cases also possible, that the lightning was extremely strong, beyond any imagination. Any lightnig, even if very weak, operate with such a great voltages, currents and magnetism between clouds and ground, any of that value is beyond any imagination. Safety first, please. Alan Pinkerton




This is not a joke



Genuine crop circles

(NATURE made symmetrical crop formations - basic physical principles)

Much more 99,9% crop circles found yearly in crop fields round whole world are genuine, not hoax, not manmade.


Creation of named genuine, natural crop circles was made by simple, absolutely clear, complete and only nature, great, huge mechanicc, electrostatic and elektromagnetic forces, that appear just before, during, and shortly after the lightning discharge. If during their formation, in some relatively rare cases, significantly contributes resonance and interference (photo), may occur even incomprehensibly complex and regular shapes.


Named forces are extremely powerful, beyond any realistic people's imagination.


from: wikipedia

unknown author



The first damage of plant tissues in crop circles - by electric current

One of the main damage reasons of plant tissues and any particles are electric currents, caused by induction and direct conduction - ionised air, soil, close-knit plant particles and roots, and electrolysis of all that. There becomes harmful chemical agents in that tissues, and some cells are immediately dead. All named parts of plants acted as conductors, possible to be an object of induction. Electrical inductance in crop circle plants did not last longer than 1/1000 sec.


Some cells are dead immediately, some other will die in future days or weeks, due to harmful chemicals. Chronology of that process is a little complicated, but plants are able to recover themselves quite good. They are attempting to get that toxins down the stalks and out from roots.


Possible, that during the creation of crop circle pattern there became to great resonances and interferences between all named lightning discharge forces and all other effects, invoked by that.


Also mechanical resonances and interferences between some underground areas near arising crop circle pattern - (caves, aquiferous layers).




Underground lines, pipes (1)

There are many pipes underground - waterpipes, electricity, gas, drainages. Possible, that great part of lightning currents are conducted near some of that lines, and after that may appear on the surface of the field strips of lying damaged or dead cereals. Possible, that such crop lines are completely dead. Such strips may appear in cereal fields even much more often, than any other regular patterns of crop circles, that were anytime found. Any such strip, even if near crop circles, are absolutely out of focus of any crop circles observer. The stripes of cereal lying above underground pipes are the sole cereal shapes, that is possible predict in future. Possible to find many of such strips in many air photos. There will be whole page lines. Such long lines often appear near some crop figures (many photos available), some of them pass through them. Also many quite isolated lines of damaged or completely dead cereals, may appear near or in any irregular shape. Not only lines, but also some more complex, sometime very complex structures. That is the only shape which occurrence, especially very precise position, it can quite successfully predict the future. Its occurrence may be able to detect a large number of aerial photos from the past. Alone, no special lines lying damaged grain may occur in the vicinity or within completely irregular shapes. Of course, arise only when in close proximity lightning hits. But if that happens, surely arise.


Crop circle created by lightning with underground pipesIncurred by certain (it can be very substantial) part of the discharge energy passes over any underground pipes or occurring network. Any engineering network, it can also be a ceramic, concrete or plastic underground drain. Residual energy of the lightning discharge, which passes over any underground structures, partly affects the root systems of plants located above them, and there is a series of subsequent events, as described on the page chronology. Electrochemistry, chemistry, biology, physiology, pathology (plants damaged and weakened by the passage of electrical energy are easier targets for any pest). Period of several days or even weeks, and plants in the line of exactly replicating the direction of the underground lines, flatten - bend the stalks to the ground, or die completely. This may of course occur in different time periods, if the affected underground lines exceeds the borders of several fields, due to different local conditions and differences in the resistance of cultivated crops above it.


Possible, that such straight lines are parts of many crop circles, found in past. Plans of underground services exist and are to trace. In many fields there are drainage systems.


The lines, or some more complex shapes, may also appear above some archeological structures. Landscape architecture could result in even more complex shapes. Of course also circles, for instance above places where was the well, roundel, threshing floor, garden little lake. Thanks to chronology, during days, or weeks, may cereals above such lines gradually weaken and bend to the surface, or, also very often, completely wither away and die back. Even if they are found near any crop circles, they are really completely out of attention of any Crop Circle observer. Also possible, that such lines are passing through more than one field with cereals, sometime many. (Opočno)



Example of pipes


On the left picture possible pipe under the line visible in the crop, passing through all crop circles. On the right picture, there is an underground pipe much more probable.

Crop circle created by lightning with underground pipes Left: East Field, Wiltshire, 18th July 2005. Right: Winterbourne Bassett, Wiltshire, 23th May 1998

The right crop circle picture, originally described "The formation also crossed over a road", but the only correct characterisation is under the road.


It would probably be possible to find many other photos of crop circles that contain more straight line shapes, some of which (or straight line connecting the center of the circle) would be identified with pipelines of anything, electricity, data, materials, water, waste, ie all utility lines. In addition, most frequently occurring below the fields surface - drainages and dewatering channels situated underground. More attention to described phenomena will be paid on some other pages - straight lines of damaged cereals, where will be concentrated many other crop circles photographs of of observers from previous years.


Some photos of such place on the page retroactive finding of lightning location. Possible observe, that border between dead and living cereal is very accurate, several centimeters, farther away stalks are not dead, neither bent


Record of electromagnetic fields in a raster of cereal stalks

Crop field - a recording medium, able to create a graphic record of EMF

Any, even if very simple, odd crop circle, possible to consider as analogy of graphic record of electromagnetic field in iron sawdust. Actually not only crop circles, but also any shape in cereal, including that completely irregular, possible to explain as a graphic interpretation, characteristic, graph, record or photograph of electromagnetic processes, that were in progress above the surface of that field with cereals many days before formations appeared. Possible compare with record of "storage oscilloscope". Described "electromagnetic processes" were possible to visualise due to natural processes in plants, by weakening of their stalks, from that results their bending. More informations further on this page - mimicry, and much more informations in the page chronology. Such a visualisation can appear after a long time, many days or weeks, but thanks to "domino effect" (maybe going hand in hand with butterfly effect), it may last only minutes.


Graphic representationn

Crop circle - simply said, possible to consider every separate shape as a "visualization of the magnetic induction field lines around the conductor".

This is a fairly accurate graphical representation. That conductor was in this case the air, more specifically plasma, created through it during the discharge, was about 5mm wide, not more 10mm, and the current conducting through it was several hundred thousands of amperes (sometimes near a million). Magnetic field surrounding such a wire is obviously "something more high" than a field, created by the teacher during a physical experiment in a school laboratory. Worth mentioning that the rate of current rise in such a conductor (di/dt) sometimes exceeds more than two hundred thousands of amperes during a sole microsecond. In common engineering practice (transient processes, generators, starting of motors) are the values in order many million times lower. The rate of current rise is a crucial factor affecting induction of the surrounding line wires. Any plant is also a line wire, able to conduct electricity, even if very badly. The higher the rate of current rise, the higher the induced voltage.



Some possibilities of conduction of electricity in plant material

An important role in weakening stalks of plants inside crop circle may sometimes play in plant material only the electric induction (see electrical induction, section Electro-PhytoPathology). Electric currents, that are damaging the plant tissues, also may be conducted through soil, and ionised air. Also high voltage corona, symmetrically surrounded around the conductor - the channel of the lightning discharge (a circle shape, several meters in case of lightning - many millions of volts), is also one of great favorites of the possibility conducting electricity into plants.



Affair crop circle gatee - much ado about nothing

Possible, that any phantastic messages about crop circles, anywhere around the globe, including any crazy theories (extraterrestrials, psychic energy, military experiments, bluffing or discouragement, dancing hedgehogs, drunken kangaroos, telekinesis, meta-psychology and many other) were only fables or fairy tales, much cry and a little wool, much ado about nothing. Maybe possible give a name to everything, what was happening around crop circles during years from 1970-2011, also earlier, in cereal fields, much more in mass media, give a name



"Affair crop circle gatee"...




Brief summary of the lightning discharge parameters

more detailed, calculated and measured values in lightning and subpages

During any lightning hit ("flash"), into any field of cereals, there typically occur, and also actually physically and mechanically work::



Interferences and resonances between extremely strong electromagnetic beams may be the only reason of some very complicated designs (fractals). There also arise bending, diffraction, refraction and reflection of all electromagnetic beams, occuring there. They behave very similar to light. Every light, also infrared, ultraviolet, is also electromagnetic wave. Visible light ranges from about 390 to 790nm (frequence 3.9×1014 Hz to 7.9×1014 Hz). Under some conditions there also possible take place total reflection (there may appear these types of phase boundary: air - plasma, cold air - hot air, high pressure - normal pressure, quickly moving air - standing air)


Note: approximate number of all lightning discharges, that yearly typically strike into fields with cereals and grass areas on the whole Earth planet, is one billion (109)...


For comparison: one a little more than only average lightning flash may transfer such a great quantity of energy, to a fully loaded truck would thanks to that energy, more than once drive around the whole planet...




Anomalies - introduction

Possible see in whatever of TV document or documentary film, book, newspaper, magazine, periodical article, or any web, dealing with Crop Circles problematics. All observers of crop circles, mostly old doyen of that branch of activity, are really as miserable as a wet week, that near almost every of crop circles, called genuine, is possible to register many anomalies, very often "something very strong electro-magnetic or electrostatic, absolutely perplexing, beyond any possibility of understanding", and there is no possibility that will be resolved anytime in future. But they were all that time, more than 30 years, really very near completely scientific deciphering of such a great problem. Many, many of that crop circle followers, that were browsing round them with compass in their hand. On one planet of solar system, called globe, inhabited by humanized monkeys of type humankind, any other possibility, how to create geomagnetic anomalies with such intensity and time course, than lightning, never existed. For instance, primarily on the basalt subsoil. It knew Mr. Pockels. But he was conducting his research experiments sometimes just before 1900. It was possible only to ask.


After all, precisely lightning discharge itself is possible to consider as a phenomenon, ranging completely out of scope of any ordinary human imagination. Common denomination that is used in almost every document about Crop Circles - "there does not exist any possibility of an explanation using science methods".


"Short" list of more than 40 scientific disciplines, usable as help in crop circle explanation,can be found here. All of them are completely objectively, repeatably and reproducibly, usable for explaining causes of all sorts of phenomena that are accompanying damaged and weakened cereals. Not only cereals, but also all sorts of other plants. Sometime thanks to the damage and weakening bended down even to the ground. By that possible explain all weakened and damaged plants, even incurred inside any irregular shape, not only damaged plants, found within "classic" crop circles. Not only crop circles, but any cereals or plants, damaged in such an extent, thet they are bent, lying on the ground.


Only one, sole lightning discharge is possible to use for explaining all sorts of such anomalies. Entirely every of them, mostly for any described phenomena. They all look like presence of electrostatic and electromagnetic field on that point in past. There were present absolutely unimaginable electrostatic and electromagnetic fields, able to cause every of described anomalies. On the site there were present absolutely unimaginable, extremely strong, gigantic electrostatic - electromagnetic - electromechanic - plasma pulsee, named LEMP (Lightning Electro Magnetic Pulse), what means lightning electro magnetic pulse. In every specialized publication about the lightning discharge phenomena is possible to find such an enough number of technical specifications about the lightning characteristics, that is possible to explain entirely every of such phenomena absolutely without exception. Current, speed, energy, voltage, temperature, rate of current rise, see table. Possible to observe, that the lightning discharge impulse is a phenomenon beyond any imagination, and is really able to cause entirely every of described anomalies. Contains and transfers really a lot enough amount of energy for such purposes.


In such a case, that anybody would encounter that phenomenon really Face to Face, would be quite impossible for him to narrate story about that.


Much more information, more detailed, in the page anomalies and subpages. By the way, not only physical anomalies. Electrostatic, Electromagnetic, temperature differencies, thanks to that also arising pressure differencies underground - "unexplainable" sounds may appear weeks after lightning. Also chemicals - there may appear really extremely toxic poisons, placed under the ground surface, tens of kg, much of that able to evaporate in gaseous phase. Totally invisible. Safety first. Observers should rather try do not act like guinea-pigs, and to try invite toxicologists from an accredited laboratory. Crop Circle documentarists will be very surprised by toxicologic measuring and findings. Dosimeter is not able measure concentrations of poisonous chemicals.



A little gallery of pictures, usable everywhere crop circle found

On the place is highly possible a presence of high amounts of extremely toxic chemicals, also gasses. You are visiting the place at your own risk.


The mystery of crop circles is resolved. Definitively. Once and for all. For ever..


Shocking revelation !!!!!!

This paragraph serves on this page like a pause, it's a theatrical in-jargon term.

Logical, scientific. With applying the laws of nature. Understandable and explainable..


Almost unbelievable, but very clear, explaining not only main process of damaging and weakening. Also able to explain any unbelievable, supposed anomalous effects, transcendental, supernatural, near every of genuine crop circles.



Natural mimicry

One of the most remarkable fact is that the main delinquent - the only one real author of crop circles - works disguised as absolutely innocent. A relatively long time after lightning (hours, days) may any cereal, crop or plant look still absolutely untouched. There is not possible to observe any damage in the cereals. There was held only "exposition" (process very similar to formation of latent picture in layer of clasic silver-halide photo-process). Latent picture is absolutely invisible, and will become visible later, only after many days or weeks of development. At first, there appear only invisible microscopic damages of plant tissues. Also mechanical properties of plants are undistinguishable from undamaged plants that were not affected by electric currents. Long time lasting biochemical and biophysical processes are causing up to such a long time between the conducting of electric current and weakening. Only then straws bend to the ground, and thus is crop circle visualised, mostly many days after the lightning discharge, that caused it.


Only after such a long time after the passage of electric current through the plant bodies their straws become weaken so much, that they fail to maintain their own weight and they start to bend to the ground. Unlike the precedent process of weakening, lasting many days or weeks, the process of bending - the real crop circle visualisation - may last only hoyrs or even minutes (butterfly effect, domino effect)


That's why nobody is able to derive the relationship between the lightning and the weakening of plants, and thanks to that straws lying on the ground (also crop circle appearing). There was absolutely impossible to observe any damage immediately after thunderstorm and lightnings. Several weeks later, often during very nice weather conditions, straws of plants start bending to the ground. First only several sq. meters, but in the course of time are lying on the field surface more and more considerable part of the area and short time before harvesting in rare cases is lying sometimes even 90% of the whole field. More frequently 20-30%, but everything may be a result of only one, sole lightning, into that place before many weeks, often longer than month. Much more information will be on the page chronology and its subpages.


For a basic introduction to historical perspectives on the issue of crop circles possible visit Wikipedia - Crop circle. Although most of the explanations, submitted there, falls or almost entirely belongs under the Pseudoscience (Junk science), i.e. appertains to the Category: Pseudoscience, however at least may serve as a basic information about the current view on the whole issue.


Above all, it must be emphasized, that the explanation shown here, or any page of this website, in any case does not deal with concepts or fields of human activities such as Esotericism, Parapsychology, Psychotronics, Paranormal phenomena, Ufology, Spiritism, Astrology, Occult, Numerology, Oracle, Superstition.

Belief in aliens, Extraterrestrial life, including Extraterrestrials in fiction, E.T. the Extra-Terrestrial, Astrobiology, Unidentified flying object, Military disc-shaped aircraft, Flying saucer, visitors from Universe, Outer space, Galaxy, Milky Way.

Magic (paranormal), Black magic, Witches' Sabbath, Witchcraft, Supernatural phenomena, Miracles. Poltergeist, 2012 phenomenon, Conspiracy theory, Psychokinesis, Shamanism, Mysticism, or any other field of Pseudoscience or Junk science from the Category: Pseudoscience.




Automatic exposure

Intensity of the "exposition" affects the time distance between the moment of the lightning discharge and start of the bending stalks to the ground

Next, important and essential fact is that the damage of cereals (visually observable), that was caused only by sole lightning on one field, need not occur only one times, say, during one day. They are dependent on the distance between damaged cereals and the point of the lightning strike. Also on the conductivity of tractor tracks, and on the amount of electric energy that was conducted over the field surface. Also in cases of some genuine crop circles is possible, that they can be enlarged or complemented several days after they were observed for the first time. There were some other places damaged by electric current, but not as intensively as places, that

Nine circles & associated pathways, at Eltopia

Washington (USA) which occurred during the night

of June 18-19, 1998. [photo taken June 21, 1998]

Eltopia, Washington formation re-photographed

3 weeks later, after the circle-making energy

system had revisited the field.

became visible first. Also very often sometime after the crop circle was firstly discovered, several days after that, may appear more and more of damaged cereals near or away, but only as RDF (Randomly Downed Formations), irregularly lying cereals. Again, is very common that everything was caused only by sole lightning discharge. On the left side are placed two photos from bltresearch. Possible, that in the second case there really was in progress some other action of energy, "revisited the field", but in fact there was absolutely no need of something like that. Straws of cereal are inclining more and more during the whole remaining of the vegetation period, longer and longer time after the only first and sole lightning discharge (also last), without any other needed. The main question is: Why, after the crop circle was created, and when "the circle making energy system had revisited the field", did not create more new circles there, but only irregular formations? The authors of the text unintentionally inform, that the creation of irregular formations through the "circle-making energy", the enegy that is able to create the crop circles, is something entirely natural. Only one lightning (or group of several consequent discharges, almost never lasting longer than one second) is quite possible to cause gradually increasing damage of cereals, 

Two formations at West Overton, Wiltshire (UK).

The large ring encircled the Overton Road "T"

junction -- and the long pictogram, which occurred

subsequently, itself gained another circle the night

after the rest of the pictogram had formed.

increasing progressively during all remaining vegetation period, until harvesting, on any place on that field, and even in areas not directly hit by the lightning. Electric energy may be distributed around the field partly by means of tractor tracks. Some random lines, may be branched, straight, or forked close from the impact point of the lightning pulse forehead. Electric current is moving described way, near from periodic shapes in cereal on the ground, not only in tracks of tractor and their immediate vicinity, before starting to continue under the ground. The passage of electrical currents inside plant body, cells, tissues and thus damaging them may also cause uneven ripening of cereals. The third, and next photo - possible to see crop circle expanding in time. Is possible, that everything is a result of only sole lightning, but irregular "exposition" of particular surfaces. (1st Return Stroke, after that approx. 4 - 8 Restrikes, see lightning). Possible, that the 1st Return Stroke hit just into the center of the T-junction, and some of the Restrikes (weaker) continued into the cereal field. The bottom crop circle picture on was found thanks to Google, for instance www.noufors.comm or, unknown author, the same place, earlier date - without continuing and expanding parts.






Relates to any damaged and weakened cereal around the whole world

Once more: processes, described on this page, not only in paragraphs mimicry and automatic exposure, but on any page of www.cropcirclesonline.comm and related pages, for instance, relate to any cereals in the whole world. Weakened, damaged lying plants, with straws bended, lying on or only leaned to the soil surface. Absolutely irregular shapes, that is possible find on any place in the world. Any cereal field. Not only cereal, but agricultural crops of any kind. Stalks will start visible inclining and bending in the direction towards the soil surface (as the first visible marks of weakening) mostly long time after the lightning strike moment (weeks, months). In the case of extremely strong lightning substantially faster. Regular shapes - crop circles, fractals, mirrored pictures become only in one case from several millions, and with difficulty is possible to simple explain, why. Possible that more than described several reasons, really very rare, must collaborate, to create such an intricate patterns. Much more informations will be possible found in Chronology and subpages, also EPP (Electro-PhytoPathology, effects of electricity on the body of plant, plant parts, tissues and cells)




Some Crop Circles appear on long straight lines

(long distance, many kilometers)

Thanks to thunderstorms, that move in the scenery, oriented in the direction of the wind, is possible to explain some crop circles, that appeared on a straight line, in very long distance one from other. They appeared in different times (several weeks), depending on the type of crop, its condition, humidity of plants, soil, and intensity, energy of the lightning discharge. Every of that described crop circle pictograms, appear in quite different time, very long after thunderstorm. Nobody is able to derive any dependence between thunderstorms and the damage of the plants. Possible, that some of such thunderstorm passed over some Ley Line, what is of course possible. But necessary to emphasize again that more or less accidentally. People noticed and observed such pictograms, of course, and the work of one great mankind mistake was very easily accomplished.


A complete coincidence, however, it need not be, because it is not impossible at all that ancient sites (stone sculptures, megalithic structures) aborigines built where they found on their fields or pastures periodically appeared some crop circles often, in cereals, crops or grass. Crop circles were by them simply considered as the command of God, instructing them to execute some similar stupidity, as for instance the construction of megalithic structure is. For instance Stonehenge, Rollright Stones, Milk Hill, Alton Barnes, Silbury Hill, Avebury Manor.


Is everything just a coincidence?


Next two photos from "Crop circles: In search of a sign"Michele Gardner-Smith

left: crop circle in Langdon, north Dakota, U.S.A, 25th of Jun 2000

later appeared next two crop circle patterns, directly following a line, several kilometers distance one from other. (right picture). Possible ask meteorologists to look at their records - thunderstorm took place several days or weeks before the first pictogram was found.


Under the surface of some lines, that appear near some crop circles, possible exist some pipes or drainage, also possible electric power lines or underground gas lines. More information  lines.


Trails of dead or weakened cerealss, lying on the ground - new anomalous phenomenon, not described, but existing in past. Possible much more frequent, than any of crop circles found ever. Also possible, that centers of many crop circles appear right above some of described pipes underground.

That was only possible for some goggle-eyed Americans exclaim WOW!






Domino effect, butterfly effect

Another very interesting and surprising fact, which can be described by theories of exposure and gradual weakening of plants inside the crop circle relatively easy to explain, often occurring over themselves regularly arranged bundles of straws, quite obviously not realisable by any human work (f,f). Stalks withstand until the latest possible time upright, just due to the gradual weakening slightly tilted, so in the vegetation is first formed a structure with bundles of several hundreds mutually supporting stalks. Long before they fall down to the ground, may on that place exist many bundles with hundreds of stalks, still standing approximately upright, even if just so so. Plants and their parts which touch each other, may attach themselves to a measurable strength thanks to the surface tension of water, which relatively unstable structure of weakened plants again for some time stabilize and protect mutually, against quick bending to the ground. The process of crop circle pattern viualisation is thus still delayed.


Water may operate as butterfly (plants water-soaked - light rain, morning dew), because during relative short time, several hours, may the weight of any stalk raise two times. That is only several gms/stalks, but several kgs/m2, and many tons per hectar. May be 20, 30, depending on the crop type. After some time is reached a limit angle. After that is the bending continuing significantly more rapidly. When the first bundle touches some other, domino effect starts, and may last only minutes. Bundles are falling down, one by one, like chain reaction (one bundle may touch more than only a single other). The crop circle picture is thus definitively visualised. In a relatively unbelievable short time (if observed - similar testimonies exist), and seemingly without action of any visible and known force.


As a drive of the Domino Effect may also work flowing air, caused by other bundles. (demo here!). Swirling of air (and of dust) may look like an unknown force. Rising from the depths of the earth, and observers of such described crop circle creation may therefore look somewhat wide-eyed, startled and amazed. Really is for them almost nothing other possible.


Sometime several such bundles can continue staying upright (change from wet to dry several times). Possible to find on some photos. !photo



As a butterfly may also operate time to time a bumblebee.



Observation of crop circles - some interesting ideas:

Where to look for crop circles:

Only on that place, where thunderstorm passed over, nowhere else. The best on a place with localised lightning in a crop. Is possible try to find some marks that lightning struck into a field with cereals, on some trees - easy to distinguish "this year lightning discharge". In some cases possible find a point, where the lightning hit right into a field, some days before the damaged plants appear. In such a case is possible to distinguish the point where the lightning hit right into the crop. The differences in condition may be observed some days before the moment, when stalks are bended to the ground. Will be explained, also documentary photos placed here.  See Chronology


When to look for crop circles:

1. never during thunderstorm. Any such worker would have really very short durability, and thus would be need very often replenish them.


2. at least several hours or more after thunderstorm, when thundercloud is far away or do not exist. The first marks of lightning in crops may appear several days after storm (immediately on a tree). Sometimes damaged cereal becomes visible really short time after lightning, possible minutes, hours. Some lightnings contain extremely great amount of mechanical energy. Also heavy rain may take effect - higher mechanical stress, more electric power conducted and induced on the wet plants and ground surface, also near under the ground. Also possible dual discharge (two lightnings, time interval one week or more) may take place there, see next. 


3.  In many cases cereal damage became visible long time after thunderstorm, more than after two months. Is possible (but not sure), that lying cereals appeared mainly thanks to that a second lightning stroke into the same field of cereals occured. The second after several days, rather weeks later. More info The effect of two lightning discharges. The first discharge may "prepare" some not exactly defined areas of approximately uniformly weakened plants. Maybe several hectares. The second lightning discharge, several weeks later, completes that work, much more considerable effects. Possible, that after the second lightning discharge crop lying immediately, or much faster. Two lightning discharges, not far from each other, during one vegetation season becomes only in rare cases. Possible, that only one of described lightning discharges would cause only insignificant damage.


Time - Lapse - Camera



4. Very interesting idea would be use of time-lapse cameras for observing process of crop circle creation. For instance some Canon cameras are programmable as not only timelapse, but also are able to catch any lightning. By using two identical photo cameras and making stereo photograpgs, after using a method stereo photogrammetry, would be able to determine the lightning position in a distance of kilometers with an accuracy of centimeters. When using distance between cameras - stereobase one meter or more.



5. Instalation of time - lapse cameras, after some crop circles were found, also possible and useful. Or continual photographing of any such crop circle pictogram, day by day, until harvesting. (at a safe distance, see Warning, photographing from a distance, preferably from above quite sufficient) would be from 2012 and next should be the most fundamental duty of every just a little serious crop circles observer. If someone like that exists at all in the world. But the field visit as little as possible, choose to observe only that which will be able observe from a respectful distance. It should be emphasized that the actual geometric pattern is for the purposes of subsequent research almost uninteresting, it is necessary to focus primarily on the near also distant surroundings, that on the vast majority of crop circles images almost never appear!!!


Details of previous use of the timelapse cameras in "research processes in the cereal fields," and their possible use sometime in the future will be located here.



Damaged cereals, commonly occurring in cereal fields

irregular shapes of damaged, weakened, lodged, bent, on the ground lying cereals

more details on page lodged (damaged, weakened) crop


Lightning discharges above crop fields and near from that are almost the only one main causee (more 99%) cereals and any other crop lying on the soil surface around the whole world. Something between 0,5 to 1,5 millions km2. oil rope during harvesting

oil rape during harvesting

Not only cereal, also any other crops (eg. rape, poppy) and plants. Not only lying crops, but otherwise significantly damaged - plants may be completely dead, or just damaged by pests, either plant or animal origin - bacteria, viruses, molds, fungi, parasites, insects. Pests, in this case, of course, act only as a secondary effect, because healthy plants, unaffected by electricity, would be totally untouched by appointed pests. Once again: forces, created by the action of the lightning discharge above considered place were unimaginable, mechanical (possible compare to a strong explosion, tens to hundreds of kg TNT, or more) as well as electrostatic and electromagnetic forces, with equivalent or even higher energy. 

poppy - 2008, identical locality; left 6th July, another two of August; (tree - "identification of the culprit")

Although all the enumerated powers were really beyond any ordinary human imagination, immediately after the lightning discharge (also the whole storm) possible, that on the entire field is not lying on the ground even one sole stalk. There would be possible find only microscopic changes in plant tissues, possibly several blackened, burned individuals. Up until the time ...

(note: certainly there may be some mechanically changed, damaged stalks, not more then half a meter from the channel of the lightning discharge - complicated, intertwined bundles, absolutely invisible from the margin of the field, but will be found inside crop circles, after they were noticed)


Crop circles, also any other regular, interferences, fractals, or combined pictures are as well as only a tiny fraction of this phenomenon, that may perhaps occur only thanks to very rare interactions of several coincidences, under conditions that are not yet sufficiently explained, can be only very approximately estimated and simulated in laboratory or computer.


Considerable influence just before lodging (bending stalks to the ground) may play a humidity - even slight showers or drizzle, or even the morning dew. For more information on the page domino effect. Mention zskvo 4-5 hours in the morning.


lissajous figures

Interference and resonance

(analogy of chladni and lissajous shapes in a raster of plants)

It is quite likely that sometime during crop circle creation there occurred to an extraordinary coincidence (especially in the case of complex geometric patterns). Very strong resonances and interferences between all described forces able to participate during their formation. These mechanical forces - air flowing, earthquakes (3-4), shock waves and pressure waves, resonance of underground caverns, as well as electromagnetic and electrostatic forces. In all enumerated cases, within a distance from several meters to tens of meters from the point of lightning impact, the forces were huge, completely beyond any ordinary human imagination. Some crop circle patterns then look like a record of resonance and interference phenomena that have occurred near some cereal fields. Lichtenberg, Kyrilian also may participate..te.


Example of electric current induction in plants


 Motto: Very much crop circles resemble a PC simulation of electromagnetic  fields. Even a single one, separate circle. That is why because they are really  created by ElectroMagnetic Field lines of force from lightning discharges.

Following crop circle figures are remarkably similar to magnetic field patterns, like in metal (ferromagnetic) sawdust. The lightning discharge works like a conductor, placed perpendicular to the ground, and a huge electromagnetic field is created around it (mostly circular), thus able to evoke electrical induction in all subjects in the area, including plants.


They remind electromagnetic field lines. That were formed by electromagnetic field in iron sawdust, by one, two and six equivalent lightning discharges, conductors perpendicular to the ground, passing through the surface to the deep underground.
They were generated by a similar principle, which is displayed at right, but not only as a simple circle. There were created whole complicated interference patterns. They were created just exactly at the moment of the lightning discharge, but they were developed several days or weeks, even more later, through delayed natural processes in plants (natural developer). Accompanying picture possible enlarge by hovering mouse. The natural lightning discharge worked in an unbelievable similar function like a photo-flash. The surface of the field with cereals was working unimaginably similarly to process during the exposition of photographic material, followed by developing, (very slow). In aerial archeology is used very similar term, "natural developer", for explanation the process of creation cropmarks.


In this way, vegetation acts in somewhat the manner of a chemical developer of exposed photographic plates: it throws up the latent pictures.tures., (Flights into yesterday: the story of aerial archaeology, Leo Deuel, St. Martin's Press NY 1969, page 38)


It is interesting that very similar shapes would be likely created thanks to the radiation interferences, even just one eccentrically impacting, of consequent electric discharges within the expanding air column.




A little of physics...

As an example could be noted that each electron in lightning discharge (an average lightning, meant the most important part - the Return Stroke, see lightning), transfers an energy of the order of 1030 times larger than needed electron to jump from the level "s" to the level "p" in hydrogen atom. That looks really enough. Count of electrons in such an average lightning discharge is approximately 1021, that looks like a lot, too. The electrical charge is around 300 Coulombs, which in turn apparently does not look like much.


By the way, here is a link to a note that is located for sure at the end of this page, because some readers would really not have understand and accept it


Several more theoretical reasoning here:

Regularity of patterns and statistically highly over-frequent notable high-precision multi-axis symmetry

What is still very difficult - trying to explain one of very interesting crop circles property - very precise symmetry by more than one axis - 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, even more, also exact central symmetry and very accurate mirror reflection. One of possible, but with difficulty verifiable considerations provides, that in the lightning discharge (plasma), during its impact on the ground, just before and after, able to create something like a gigantic analogy of atomic and molecular structures (crystallography, atomic and molecular orbitals and their hybridized variants, conjugated double bonds, conjugated triple bonds, cyclic and chain compounds of carbon and silicon).  It is very vague and hardly provable theory, of course. It should be noted, that in the plasma discharge, where may be present many millions of volts per meter and sometime carries more than half a million amperes, may happen things, that would want (and would be able) to examine hardly nobody...


However, in some paragraph later will appear a description of a process, in which can be assumed - both theoretically and practically - (sometime in the future, of course) much higher demonstrability (rotating electromagnetic field). Immediately followed by consideration of possible comparison impact of water droplets into a liquid or into a thin layer of a fluid, which are all for theoretical research, also practical more accessible.


In nature, namely the successful models repeated. From the infinitely small to the infinitely large. Yann Arthus Bertrand. It would be the best, if such a greatly overwhelmed mankind terminate prohibit Mother Nature create regular patterns in the cereal. Just possible simply say that Mother Nature is able to create them. Mathematical-physical computer modeling can be postponed to any time in the future, as well as of theoretical preliminary designs and ideas of any physical models. Mother Nature is very simply able to create them all by itself even without help of any silly extraterrestrials. Beautiful patterns of ice crystals on the glass, as well as any crystal structure, Mother Nature also creates completely by its own, without any asistence of any ridiculous and idiotic extraterrestrials. Just possible simply watch. No one is looking for extraterrestrials when his window freezes, or when looking at the basalt organs anywhere in the world, not just those at Panská skála, Kamenický Šenov (Steinschönau). Photo Devils Postpile National Monument U.S. National Park Service


Something similar is possible to say about the possibilities of multiple reflections and interferences of electromagnetic beams inside column of air, rapidly expanding. In view of the interest of this topic, and the fact, that some patterns really indicate similar way of creating, some of the newly created subpage of lightning section will specifically pay attention to this possibility. It is essential, that in a similar way always originates a circle as the base, and inside that is possible find various sorts of resonances, fractals, also interferences or combined crop circle patterns. (photo examples will be here)


Brief introduction:

Immediately after the lightning discharge (meaning the first Return Stroke), during which there is for a short time (a few millionths of seconds) only a very thin column of plasma, 5-10mm, which immediately begins rapidly expand into the surroundings, and will set in motion surrounding air. Beams of electromagnetic radiation from the point of origin (the channel of lightning) are moving at the speed of light, the expansion of the air column happens speed comparable to the speed of sound, that is around million times slower. The channel of the lightning radiates energy of all wavelenghts to its surroundings, also supplies heat to ambient air, consequently kinetic energy, many millions joules, per one meter of the electrical discharge. During a fraction of a second, the mass with rapidly moving column of air, encounters into the stationary air, in a distance of tens of meters from the channel of lightning, and at this time may occur a subsequent lightning stroke - Restrike, inside this rapidly moving column of air. The term "rapidly moving column of air" is pronounced only relatively, of course, because the beams of the electromagnetic waves are moving and reflecting inside it million times faster.


From the viewpoint of consequent lightning strokes, the column of air may be regarded as a stationary object, cylinder, very sharply bounded. Suppose, with a diameter of 10 m (0.03 sec after the first Return Stroke). Restrike inside of this column is moving at 100-200 thousands km/h, and electromagnetic beams radiated by that, are moving at light velocity. During only hundred millionths of a second, what is the time during that is radiated power of the vast part of subsequent lightning stroke (more 99%), is the column of air moving "only" sound velocity, to a distance 30 mm. Electromagnetic radiation from the subsequent electric discharge moved at the same time to a distance of 30 km, and that rays, propagating in all directions, may be within such a column about 300 times bounced and create many sorts of resonance and interference.


The border and the air inside the cylinder will be very intensively ionized and electrically conductive. Part of the radiation of subsequent electric discharge may appear as induced voltage on the cylinder wall and grounded. The same way can develop legendary narrow circles, that would not be able create in vegetation even a child by walking through it. There was also in progress a shock wave in the air, initially much faster than sound speed, gradually slowing down. Shock wave moves faster before the blast wave, and thus, under certain circumstances, one restrike is able to create two circles created thanks to the induction. From multiple dimensions of some circles would be possible some guess how long lasted the reflections inside the air column created by the first major lightning discharge. What distance approximately offended radiated electromagnetic beams inside the column, thanks to repeated reflections.


Width of described narrow rings ranges from 10 to 20 cm, which corresponds to half a thousandth of a second in relation to the speed of sound, during that time light moves 150 km. This is a very approximate estimate. Possible, that within temporarily created column of air may take place the total reflection of electromagnetic rays. Under certain circumstances, some rays would reflect inside column much longer than only during the subsequent electric discharge. Able to move much longer distance and create much more complicated interferences. Total reflection occurs when the beam makes angle sufficiently small (smaller than a limit angle) in relation to the tangent angle of the cylinder shell at the point of contact.


Air column speed against the speed of light is really negligible, 1/106, but thanks to very slow, nonzero and constant, also very uniform expansion of the air column can be formed within that very interesting and complicated resonance and interference structures. More detailed description of this process will be described for instance on the page lightning mechanics (wave interferences inside expanding air column).


Inside the expanding column of the air can happen yet another matter, simulating device from a standard engineering practice, probably after the closest Restrike: a regular equivalent to an explosion (or more like controlled combustion), taking place inside the cylinder of internal combustion or diesel engine. Further details will be placed on another section of the page "lightning mechanics" (similarity of the process inside the cylinder of internal combustion engine). (p)


Metaphorically, possible characterize formation of some crop circle shapes as an analogy of resonances and interference between sound waves and electromagnetic waves (something like natural radio, television, oscilloscope, and photography together)




Drop of water - jump phenomenon, pulse falling from top...

Another possibility of creation periodic crop circle structures is the dissemination of enormous overpressure into the surrounding environment, like rays of liquid after impact of droplet into the water level. Click photo to follow the source.

From the second photograph are shown several impacts of drops in a thin layer of liquid, very interesting is the last. In the case of the lightning strike into the field possible compare to an impact of a huge pulse in a thin layer of liquid. The main difference is that in the case of the lightning discharge is such a phenomenon comparable to a matchbox impact, heavy as a locomotive. ((




Rotating electomagnetic field, oscilloscope

One possibility, that would explain high-precision multi-axis symmetry of some crop circle pictograms is, that consecutive electric discharges (approximately 20-30 milisecond one after  other) appearing in distances only a few meters from one another, are able to create at this point strong rotating electromagnetic field. It can be more than three-phase, there may create various resonance and interference, and may affect other on that place appearing electron beams and thus "paint on the field" many various symmetrical crop circle pictograms. Everything happened in fractions of seconds. (see lightning)


For example, the effect of three consecutive (20ms) pulses in a triangle at a distance of tens of meters from one another over the surface of a cereal field, create for a moment rotating electromagnetic field (although only for a split second, but huge, beyond any ordinary human imagination). Thanks to generated electromagnetic field could very easy operate an electric engine with an output of approximately more Terrawatt. Is possible to derive that such electromagnetic field (also electromagnetic field of every lightning) would affect on plants not only by induction, but also mechanically.


In that while possible to describe plants acting as the electric conductor - current induced, also currents conducted pass through them, thus they appear like electromagnets and electromagnetic fields may act on them by mechanical forces, leaving in them mechanical effects, also damage. In addition to everything described here, at that crop circle point may occur various oscillations - dissonant harmonic, also damped oscillations. Large amount of crop circle pictograms imitate a record of damped oscillations, when the largest circle is followed by a smaller, followed by an even smaller, more and more, often more than ten. Some similar crop circle photos also serve as an example on this page 1, 2, 3, hundreds of other possible observe through Crop Circles webs)


All happenings described here, occurred above some cereal (or corn, poppy, rape and any other crops), may cause there almost no visible effects (initially, in the early days), because they were only so-called "recorded" into regular raster formed by individual plants. Their visible changes or weakness leading to their drop to the ground, that occur after many days, weeks or even longer. (expositionn - described there). The crop circle is recorded, but still absolutely invisible.


Processes, described here, of course, can happen also over any other agricultural site, where are not grown crops, able to bend down after damage, because their anatomical structure prevent them from (that potato, tomato, beetroot). After a longer time interval from the lightning discharge can be observed damage to plants or their complete destruction - dead, usually in a shape of a circle. It is possible to read in a literature about such cases, examples listed in the subpages  sci-re, agriculture. Here as an example, in references much detailed. Farmers know very well that the effect of lightning discharges can be easily mistaken for anything else (plant and animal pests, lack or excess fertilizer, the effects of drought, wet, high or low temperatures, see literature), so rather just for fun leave dilettantish explorers of crop circles continue fumble in their delusions.  (l, p)




Important notice.

Any casual witness, situated at that point exactly at the moment of crop circle pictogram origination, would be never able provide any evidence about that. Possible to convince from the pictures. Would not be interested in something like crop circle pictograms and their creation at all. Would have totally different problems. On the right picture is clearly visible "the signature of main culprit" on the tree. On the left picture, there is also present, but no as such significant and noticeable. More detailed information - warningg




Tests and Experiments

Some experiments were carried out, photographs exist and will be published

Will be performed (sometimes) experiments with impact of a sparks into a powdered material (pigment dispersed, particle size in the order of micrometers, video captured at high speed (420-1000 pic/s), some results later here.


Even though electric sparks, that were used in the test, transfer only very little amount of energy - approx 0.03 Joule, exhibit all parameters of explosions, including shock waves and pressure waves.



Home electronics and laboratory devices growing on a field.

Possible to derive, that concurrent and subsequent lightning discharges, which proceed in a very similar moment at a small distance from one another, and through which are flowing hundreds of thousands amperes, all that create a very strong, huge, electromagnetic fields, (also rotational) around them. All of them are able directly influence with one another, attracting, repel and creating resonances and interferences. Something like TV or oscilloscope vacuum tube. The lightning discharge is similar to an electron beam. "A little" stronger than that in TV - approx 1015. Similarly stronger are electrostatic and electromagnetic fields up to a distance of several meters. Natural oscilloscope, creating crop circle lissajous figures..


It is also possible to imagine that during an impact of electron beam (in the case of consecutive or paralel lightning discharges), that is streaming throughout the very strong rotating electromagnetic field may arise highly symmetrical crop circle pictograms, according to many axes.


In the upper right edge of accompanying crop circle image is possible to recognize paths with classically damaged and bended cereal, following tramlines near the border of the field (more rutted, better holding humidity, higher conductivity, more thoroughly damaged). Very similar effect possible observe in absolute everyy of cereal fields, where appear any RDF, Randomly Downed Formations, commonly damaged cereals. Is everything just a coincidence? Much more photos in lodging (damaging, weakening).  Possible, that may be added together induction and conduction of currents created in tracks.


They are much closer together than anywhere else, more thorough. Pattern could be created similar to originating chladni patterns (picture source: Ground oscillations and behavior of plants (simulating waves on the water surface) may also participate. It could be also a combination of multiple type events.





Electric conductivity of a phase interface

(shock wave - air, plasma - air and more)

Explanation of the presence of one or more highly narrow circles in some crop circle patterns by formation a charge on the interface between the shock wave (or a very rapidly expanding plasma) and a stationary or slowly moving air, and charge transfer (or a substantial part of energy of any subsequent or simultaneous electric discharges) through the medium of this phase interface. At the phase interface of the shock waves propagating through the air and other elements contained in it (dust, humidity, highly ionized particles), there happens to enormous friction, formation of secondary electric charges, and most likely has a very high electrical conductivity. Such a highly narrow circles thus maybe something like momentary record of consecutive lightning discharges, electromagnetic fields, induced currents and currents leaded by conductors of phase interface of air column boundary, momentary present above the crop vegetation. See accompanying crop circle photos.


crop circles - enigma solved.

Once and for all.

Unbelievably primitive, and one might say, ridiculous explanation. Lovers of the UFO, mystery, parapsychology, flying saucers, unknown and nonexistent energy and similar nonsense can have transport themselves to infinity. In other words, they may kiss their stinking ass and go to the hell.

Almost the same possible say about extraterrestrials.

If interested, contact







This page was prepared, and all the facts and theories presented here were very thoroughly, closely and in detail experimentally examined by


Jan Ledecky